Is There a Redemption Period in California?

Homeowners in California usually don’t get the right to redeem their home after a foreclosure sale.

By , Attorney

In California, you might be able to repurchase or "redeem" your home after losing it in a foreclosure, but only under specific circumstances. Whether you can redeem your home depends primarily on whether the foreclosure was nonjudicial or judicial. In a nutshell, here are the rules:

  • Nonjudicial foreclosures. If the foreclosure was nonjudicial, as most residential foreclosures in California are, you can't redeem the home after a foreclosure sale. Because the vast majority of residential foreclosures in California are nonjudicial, most foreclosed homeowners don't get a redemption period after the sale.
  • Judicial foreclosures. If the foreclosure was judicial, you can redeem your home within three months or one year—or not at all—depending on the circumstances.

The Deficiency, If Any, Affects Your Redemption Rights After a Judicial Foreclosure

To determine whether you can redeem your home after a judicial foreclosure in California, you must first understand the concept of a "deficiency." After a foreclosure sale, the total debt that the homeowner owes sometimes exceeds the foreclosure sale price. The difference between the sale price and the total debt is called a "deficiency."

Example. Say you owe the lender $650,000, but the property sells for $600,000 at the foreclosure sale. The deficiency is $50,000.

In some states and under certain circumstances, the lender can seek a personal judgment, called a "deficiency judgment," against the borrower to recover the deficiency. Generally, once the lender gets a deficiency judgment, it may collect this amount—in our example, $50,000—from the borrower using regular collection methods like garnishing wages or levying a bank account.

Right to Redeem After a Judicial Foreclosure Under California Law

If the foreclosure is judicial, you may generally redeem the home within:

  • three months after the foreclosure sale, if the proceeds from the sale satisfy the indebtedness or
  • one year, if the sale resulted in a deficiency. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.030).

Exceptions to This General Rule

But if the sale results in a deficiency and the lender waives a deficiency judgment, or California law prohibits a deficiency judgment in your situation, you don't get a redemption period. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 726(e)). For example, under California law, even if the lender uses a judicial foreclosure process, deficiency judgments aren't allowed in cases where the loan was:

  • used to purchase a 1-4 unit dwelling that's owner-occupied (a "purchase money loan")
  • seller financed, or
  • a refinanced purchase money loan that was executed on or after January 1, 2013, except to the extent that new principal was advanced that wasn't applied to the purchase-money loan. Fees, costs, and related expenses of the refinance also aren't covered by the anti-deficiency protection. (Cal. Code Civ. Proc. § 580b).

How Will You Know If You Have a Right to Redeem?

If you get a redemption period after the sale, the levying officer who conducted the sale will deliver a notice to you, either personally or by mail. The notice will indicate the length of the redemption period. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.050).

How Much You'll Have to Pay to Get Your Home Back

To redeem, you must reimburse the purchaser (the person or entity who bought it at the foreclosure sale) for the full price paid at the sale, plus all lawful charges such as:

  • the amount of any assessments or taxes
  • reasonable amounts for fire insurance, maintenance, upkeep, and repairs
  • the amount of any prior liens that the purchaser paid
  • interest, and
  • if the purchaser at the sale has any subordinate liens, the amount of the purchaser's lien, plus interest. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.060).

How to Redeem Your Home After a Judicial Foreclosure

To find out the exact cost to redeem, contact the purchaser. Then, you must pay the redemption amount to the levying officer who conducted the sale. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.060).

If you and the purchaser disagree on the redemption amount—or if the purchaser refuses to give you a redemption price—you may file a petition with the court for an order determining the amount due. At the time you file the petition, you must deposit the undisputed amount of the redemption price with the levying officer. The court will then determine the amount required to redeem the home. Be sure to file the petition and complete the redemption before the redemption period expires. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.070).

Once you redeem, the levying officer will deliver the funds to the purchaser and promptly give a certificate of redemption to you, giving you the right to keep the home. (Cal. Civ. Code Proc. § 729.080).

If Possible, Don't Wait Until After the Foreclosure to Save Your Home

If you want to keep your home, it's usually better to take action before the foreclosure sale. By acting early, you'll likely have access to more options to save the property, like:

Talk to a Lawyer

To get information about California foreclosure procedures, possible defenses to a foreclosure, or the procedures for redeeming the home after a foreclosure (if you get that right), consider talking to a local foreclosure lawyer.

If you need information about different loss mitigation options, a HUD-approved housing counselor is an excellent resource who can help you for free.

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