A HUD-approved housing counselor can provide foreclosure avoidance counseling and assistance in applying for a mortgage workout—all at no cost to you. If you're facing a foreclosure, the sooner you talk to a housing counselor, the better. You can have no better advocate if you're trying to work out a loan modification or another loss mitigation option.
These counselors are paid through government grants and, in some cases, grants from major mortgage lenders. They're well trained in the various ways you might be able to prevent a foreclosure. Your HUD-approved housing counselor can help you assess your loan situation and work with your servicer to try to find an option that will keep you in your house, if possible, like completing a modification or through a refinance program. If you decide you want to give up the home, a counselor might be able to help you arrange a short sale or deed in lieu of foreclosure. A counselor can also give you information about these options.
When you contact a HUD-approved counseling agency, you'll be scheduled for an interview, typically by phone or in-person with a counselor, though with some agencies, you can meet via Skype. The meeting will take around 60-90 minutes.
During the counseling session, the housing counselor will likely:
At the meeting, the counselor will want to get a handle on your overall financial situation; they'll ask about your income, your debts, your assets, your mortgage, and the value of your home. So, before the appointment, it's a good idea to gather up information about your finances, including:
Once you, or your housing counselor, call your servicer and ask for a way to avoid foreclosure, the servicer will send you a loss mitigation package. You'll fill out and return the forms with the help of your counselor. The servicer will review your income, debt, and hardship to determine whether you're eligible for a foreclosure avoidance option. Your counselor might even work with the mortgage servicer on your behalf throughout the process.
One study showed that homeowners who work with housing counselors are almost three times as likely to avoid foreclosure through a mortgage modification or another option. Still, while housing counselors can do a lot, they're limited by the servicer and investor (loan owner) policies, called "loss mitigation guidelines." These guidelines set out the rules and eligibility requirements for modifications and other options. So, you might not qualify for an alternative to foreclosure, no matter what you or the counselor does.
But even if you think you won't qualify for a modification or a different foreclosure alternative, it certainly doesn't hurt to talk to a counselor and submit a loss mitigation application to your servicer. You can apply for loss mitigation either before the foreclosure officially starts or after a foreclosure has already started. Under federal law and some state laws, a servicer can't start or continue with a foreclosure while your completed application is pending. You might end up getting a more affordable mortgage payment for the future or qualify for a loss mitigation option that you hadn't previously considered.
The federal Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has a list of approved counselors. To find a counselor near you, go to HUD's website or call 800-569-4287.
You can also find a counselor by:
If, even after reading about the benefits of using a HUD-approved housing counselor, you decide not to use one, be sure that you have a good understanding of the different types of available loss mitigation options before you talk to your servicer about ways to avoid a foreclosure.
Also, consider talking to a lawyer if you have questions about how the foreclosure process works in your state or you think you might want to fight the foreclosure in court and need to find out whether you have any defenses to a foreclosure.