** LEGAL UPDATE **
Syria was originally designated for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) in 2012, by then-Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano, in response to internal conflicts there.
A TPS designation does not offer a permanent right to remain in the U.S., but it does offers citizens and nationals of the affected country temporary rights to remain and to work in the U.S., for their own safety, up to a specified deadline.
Since Syria's original designation, TPS for this country has been extended multiple times due to an ongoing civil war and other issues. The most recent redesignation and extension was announced on January 29, 2021.
Citing the war's deliberate targeting of civilians, use of chemical weapons irregular warfare tactics, and child soldiers, as well as Syria's sustained need for humanitarian assistance, increase in refugees and displaced people, food insecurity, limited access to water and medical care, and destruction of infrastructure, DHS Acting Secretary Pekoske announced the redesignation and extension of Syria's TPS designation for 18 months, to last through September 30, 2022.
The extension permits current Syrian TPS holders, of which there are approximately 6,700, to reregister for TPS and remain in the United States with work authorization (employment authorization documents or EADs).
It also allows an estimated 1,800 new applicants from Syria to file first-time requests for TPS, if the entered the U.S. after August 1, 2016 and are otherwise eligible.
In order to register or re-register, you must submit an Application for Temporary Protected Status on USCIS Form I-821. Follow the Form instructions for what supporting documents to include. If you also want an EAD card (work permit), you must file application Form I-765, and pay the fee or else request a fee waiver. (Unfortunately, USCIS is hugely backed up on approving these applications; but has announced that TPS Syria beneficiaries who have filed I-765s and whos work permits have a Category Code of A12 or C19 and show an expiration date of either March 31, 2021, Sept. 30, 2019, or March 31, 2018 may consider this permit automatically extended through September 24, 2022.)
Only first-time applicants pay a filing fee, but everyone age 14 or older must pay the biometrics (fingerprinting) fee of $85.
More detailed instructions can be found in the Federal Register notice from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Make sure that your application lands on USCIS's desk by the registration deadline; being postmarked on that date is normally not good enough. That deadline has been set at September 30, 2022.
You'll notice that this means you can literally apply for TPS until the day the designation will run out. That seems nonsensical, until you realize that, in order to be eligible for any extensions of the TPS designation, one typically has to have applied when it first became available.
Effective Date: January 29, 2021