The federal Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) guarantees employees the right to a workplace free of safety and health hazards. But OSHA isn't the only law that deals with workplace safety. For example, if you suffer a work-related injury or illness, you may be eligible for workers' compensation benefits. You may be legally entitled to a smoke-free workplace. And, you may qualify for health and disability benefits, such as health insurance, long-term disability insurance, or SSDI.