State Unemployment Agencies

Find your state's agency that handles employer unemployment insurance taxes and other employment-related matters.

By , J.D. · New York University School of Law

Any business with employees will need to pay unemployment insurance taxes, report new hires, and comply with other filing and reporting requirements. Make sure you fully understand your obligations as an employer before you hire your first employee. If you are required to pay unemployment insurance taxes, you will need to register with your state's workforce tax agency.

For Employers: Unemployment Insurance Requirements by State

Employers must follow their state's requirements for paying unemployment taxes, reporting new employees, and responding to unemployment claims. Your state's unemployment agency will provide you with more information on your duties, which typically include:

Unemployment taxes. Most employers will have to pay both federal and state unemployment taxes, which fund unemployment insurance programs. The rate depends on the amount of wages, the number of employees, and also the number of charges to the employer's unemployment account.

Reporting. Typically, employers must report all new hires to an employer registry, a workforce tax agency, or both.

Responding to Claims. If a former employee files an unemployment claim, the unemployment agency will notify the employer and give them a chance to respond and contest the claim.

For Employees: Unemployment Benefits by State

Unemployment benefits are cash benefits to help eligible individuals who lose their job. The amount and duration of the benefits depend on the state where the employee worked and the employee's wages.

To be eligible for unemployment, you must be able and available to work. In addition, if you were at fault for losing your job, meaning that you quit or were fired, you typically can't collect unemployment.

Check with your state's unemployment agency to determine the process for filing for unemployment. The steps might include:

  • gathering your documentation, including pay stubs and dismissal notices
  • completing state unemployment forms
  • submitting unemployment forms to your state agency
  • attending an interview with a clerk from the unemployment agency, and
  • responding to a claim denial, if necessary.

Be sure to review your state's ongoing reporting requirements. Your state might require you to check in about your job search, or maintain a job search log and provide it upon request.

Find Your State Unemployment Agency

Below are links to each state agency that handles business employment matters, including unemployment insurance tax, employee reporting requirements, and other employee-related matters.

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