K-1 Fiancé(e) Visa Interview Questions

What types of questions to expect from the U.S. consular officer who conducts your K-1 visa interview.

By , Attorney · Temple University Beasley School of Law

One of the most nerve-wracking aspects of the fiancé visa application process is the interview at the U.S. consulate in your home country. This interview is usually the last hurdle to receiving a K-1 visa to enter the United States for the purpose of marrying your intended U.S. citizen spouse. You'll most likely be appearing alone, without your U.S. spouse-to-be. However, the questions should be easy to answer if you know your fiancé well and are prepared ahead of your interview date.

(If you are a U.S. citizen looking to bring your foreign fiancé to the U.S., please see Nolo's K-1 Fiancé Visa page for information about the application process.)

As we'll discuss below, the most important ways to prepare in advance for your visit to the U.S. consulate include:

  • gathering the necessary paperwork, and
  • discussing potential interview questions with your U.S. fiancé(e).

We'll discuss both of those here.

Purpose and Format of the Consular Interview for a K-1 Visa

First, a bit of background. At your interview, the consular office's job is to learn more about your background and moral character, ascertain whether you know relevant details about your U.S. citizen fiancé(e), and determine whether or not your relationship with your future spouse is bona fide (genuine) and that you are marrying in good faith, not as a fraud to get you a green card.

It might take place in a separate room (space permitting) or at a window in a larger room in the consulate where you will speak with the consular officer (through a translator, if necessary). On average, the entire K-1 visa interview takes about 15 to 30 minutes.

Gathering Your K-1 Visa-Related Paperwork

Along with any documents that the U.S. consulate (or National Visa Center) has requested, you should assemble a copy of your entire K-1 application package—that is, all the paperwork that your U.S. citizen spouse submitted on your behalf—including a copy of the USCIS Form I-129F, Petition for Alien Fiancé(e) that the U.S. spouse prepared, and all supporting documentation.

Preparing for Questions at the Consular Interview for a K-1 Visa

Expect the U.S. consular officer to ask a few basic questions about you and your fiancé(e)'s background and five to ten additional questions about your fiancé(e) and your relationship. For starters, the consular officer might ask you:

  • Basic questions like your name, nationality, date of birth, and place of birth.
  • "Have you visited the U.S. before? If yes, when? For what purpose and on what type of visa?"
  • "Do you have any relatives living in the United States?"
  • "Have you ever been married before? How did that relationship end?"
  • "Do you have any children?" (Children accompanying you to the U.S. on a K-2 visa may be required to attend the interview.)
  • "Have you ever been sponsored for a K-1 visa before? If yes, what happened to that relationship?"
  • "Have you ever been arrested or convicted of a crime?"

Answer all of these truthfully. However, if you know ahead of time that any might present a problem for you, definitely consult an attorney before proceeding with the application. And this is just the beginning of the possible questions, as we'll discuss next.

Questions About Your U.S. Fiancé(e)

The U.S. consular officer also wants to know that you are truly interested in your intended spouse as a husband or wife and that you are aware of the relevant details of their life. Some examples are:

  • Basic questions like your fiancé(e)'s full name, age, and birthday.
  • Living situation questions, such as: "Where does your fiancé(e) live? What type of home (apartment, house, etc.)? Does your fiancé(e) rent or own?"
  • "What is your fiancé(e)'s occupation?"
  • "Have you met your fiancé(e)'s parents? If no, why not?"
  • "Does your fiancé(e) have any brothers and sisters? What are their names and ages? Have you met them?"
  • "What language(s) does your fiancé(e) speak?"
  • "What do you love about your fiancé(e)?"
  • "Has your fiancé(e) ever been married before? If yes, what happened to the relationship? Why did they divorce?"
  • "Does your fiancé(e) have any children? If yes, what are their names and ages?"

Questions About Your Relationship and Wedding Plans

You will likely be asked about your wedding plans and how you met, fell in love, and why you decided to get married. Be prepared for the following types of questions:

  • "How and where did you both meet?" (A meeting within the two years before your fiancée filed the Form I-129F is a requirement, as described in Legal Requirements for a K-1 Fiancé Visa.)
  • "How long did you date before you got engaged?"
  • "What types of activities do you like to do together?"
  • "How many times have you met in person? Where and when?"
  • "How are you communicating during the long distance relationship? Is it difficult being apart?"
  • "Describe the engagement (proposal)."
  • "Have you met your fiancé(e)'s family? Has your fiancé(e) met yours?"
  • "When and where will the wedding be held?"
  • "How many people will attend the wedding?"
  • "Why did you decide to get married in the United States?"
  • "Will your family be able to attend the wedding? If not, why not?"
  • "Do you have any plans for a honeymoon?"

The questions consular officers ask about couples' relationships vary from case to case. If your case has anything unusual about it, or contains "red flags" that might lead the U.S. consular officer to question your motives for marrying or basic eligibility for a U.S. visa (including whether you are inadmissible), be prepared to discuss those.

For instance, if there is a large age difference between you and your U.S. fiancé(e) or if your primary languages are different, you will likely be questioned on those details of your relationship. If your fiancé(e) sponsored another person for a green card or a K-1 visa in the past or if you have previously applied for a green card or K-1 visa based on a marriage or engagement to a U.S. citizen, expect to discuss those previous relationships. (And U.S. immigration authorities might do some independent investigating.)

If you or your U.S. fiancé(e) have children from previous relationships, expect to be asked about where they will live and how they will blend into your new family.

Most of all, try to relax and just be yourself. You are very close to your brand new life in the United States with your husband- or wife-to-be!

For More Information and Assistance

For more information on the fiancé visa application process, as well as how to apply for a green card after you reach the U.S. and get married, see the book Fiancé & Marriage Visas: A Couple's Guide to U.S. Immigration, by Ilona Bray (Nolo). And consult an experienced immigration attorney if you have questions about your K-1 visa case or would like assistance with the paperwork and other preparation.

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