If you're behind in your mortgage payments and facing an impending foreclosure, it can be difficult to make sound financial decisions. But, even if you're desperate to get your hands on some fast cash, don't jump at the easiest opportunities—like getting a foreclosure bailout loan. A "foreclosure bailout loan" is a mortgage loan designed to stop a foreclosure. Usually, the foreclosure bailout loan will refinance the entire balance of the existing loan. But some lenders make loans in an amount that's just sufficient to reinstate the defaulted loan.
These loans, which usually come from hard money and subprime lenders, are available over the Internet as lenders target people who are struggling to pay their mortgage. The lender will generally require the borrower to have significant equity in the home, probably at least 25%, and a credit score of at minimum 500. Foreclosure bailout loans are best avoided. Here's why.
While some lenders and organizations offer legitimate loans that will help you avoid a foreclosure, others are merely looking to rip you off. Many bailout lenders will charge an exorbitantly-high interest rate, a pricey origination fee, and perhaps a hefty prepayment penalty if you pay the loan off early. Foreclosure bailout loans are usually predatory because they target desperate homeowners taken in by aggressive marketing and promises of a quick, easy way to stop a foreclosure.
Also, a bailout lender makes this kind of loan with the expectation that you'll probably default and go into foreclosure again. The lender knows that the foreclosure sale proceeds will repay the amount it lent you, plus interest, fees, and costs. Or, depending on the situation, the lender could get title to your home through the foreclosure process.
If you're struggling to make your mortgage payments and facing foreclosure, consider options other than taking out a foreclosure bailout loan.
If you're facing a foreclosure, consider talking to a local attorney to learn how the process works in your state and to find out about your rights and options.
If you need help applying for a loss mitigation option or want to learn about any mortgage-assistance programs in your area, contact a HUD-approved housing counselor who will assist you at no cost. You should, however, be sure to avoid for-profit foreclosure rescue companies.