Several months ago, I took out a mortgage loan with a certain lender. I thought that lender would keep the loan until I paid it off or sold my house, but I just heard from one of the employees that they might transfer it to a different bank. I'm worried I might accidentally send my monthly mortgage payment to the wrong place, which would put me behind, and I'll have to pay late fees. How will I find out if my mortgage loan gets transferred?
If the lender transfers either the mortgage loan itself or the rights to service the loan (this is explained in more detail below), you'll receive notice about the transfer in the mail.
After you take out your mortgage loan, it is likely that the original lender will eventually sell the loan to a new owner, called a "holder" or "investor," or transfer the servicing of your loan to a new servicer, which means the right to manage the loan is transferred.
What is a mortgage servicer? Mortgage servicers process loan payments and manage the loan account on behalf of the loan holder. The servicer is the company to which you make your payment. Sometimes, the owner of the loan will also service it, but often the servicer isn't the loan owner.
Mortgages loans and the rights to service them are frequently bought and sold between banks and investors.
If your current lender transfers ownership of your loan to a new owner, the new owner must send you a notice no later than 30 days after the date of the transfer. The notice must include, among other things, the name, address, and telephone number of the new owner of the loan.
This notice is in addition to any notices you might receive about the transfer of the servicing rights for your loan.
If the right to service your mortgage loan is transferred to a new servicer, you'll generally get two notices:
The current servicer and the new servicer may send a single notice, in which case it must be provided to you at least 15 days before the servicing transfer date.
The notice(s) will include, among other things:
In addition, you get a 60-day grace period after the transfer. So, the new servicer can't consider your payment late or charge you a late fee if you mistakenly send your mortgage payment to the old servicer during this time, as long as the old servicer receives the payment before the due date (including any grace period allowed under the mortgage contract).
If you're facing a potential foreclosure because of problems with a loan transfer or servicing transfer, contact a foreclosure attorney.