As part of the K-1 fiancé visa application process, the U.S. consulate will require the applicant to show that he or she is not likely to become a public charge—that is, someone who will depend on government assistance or welfare. Typically, the U.S. citizen is asked to show that he or she will support the applicant, as described in How Much Income a K-1 Fiancé Visa Applicant's Sponsor Needs to Show. In order to make this showing, the consulate may ask the U.S. citizen to fill out what's known as a Form I-134 Affidavit of Support, issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
If you have children immigrating with you, the children won’t need separate Forms I-134; listing them in Question 3 is sufficient.
Here are some tips on filling out Form I-134 and preparing the accompanying documents. This article discusses the version of the form dated 02/13/2019, expiring 02/28/2021.
For Form I-134, the petitioner needs to show that his or her income is at least 100% of amounts listed per family size in the federal Poverty Guidelines. The Form I-134 becomes part of the immigrant's permanent record, however, and consular officers are aware that the visa applicant will have to meet a higher, 125% requirement just a few months later if and when adjusting status to U.S. conditional resident. Therefore, we recommend that, if possible, the I-134 shows that the U.S. spouse meets the 125% requirement even at this point.
Part I: The U.S. citizen petitioner/sponsor must start with the basics, by filling in name and address.
Questions 8 and 10: Don't worry if you don't have an A number (from a green card) or a USCIS online account number. You would only if you've had past applications with USCIS and/or were previously a permanent resident before becoming a citizen.
Questions 11 and 12: If the U.S. sponsor was born in the U.S., then there's no need to fill in these questions. Sponsors who become U.S. citizens by other means, such as through naturalization or derivation through citizen parents, must answer them and choose a, b, or c. (You should NOT be answering yes to question d or e; these are for people who are not U.S. citizens, and are using Form I-134 for other purposes. If you don't have U.S. citizenship, you don't qualify to sponsor someone for a K-1 visa.)
Part 2: Information About the Beneficiary
This portion of the form is for information about the intending immigrant.
For Question 6, “Marital Status” should, of course, be “single,” "divorced," "widowed," or anything but "married," since the immigrant is coming to the United States for the specific purpose of getting married.
Question 7: “Relationship to Sponsor” should be answered “fiancé” if the immigrant is a man and “fiancée” if a woman.
Question 9: The “spouse” line should be left blank, but if any children will be immigrating with the immigrant, enter their information in Questions 12-17. If you have a lot of children coming with your fiancé and need extra space, use Part 7.
Part 3, Information About Sponsor
This part goes deeper into the U.S. citizen's ability to financially support the immigrant.
Questions 1-2: The U.S. citizen must enter information about his or her place of employment.
Question 3-9: The U.S. citizen enters his or her income and assets. If the income is sufficient for the Form I-134, the Department of State will not care about the citizen’s assets, so there's no need to list each and every asset. The questions about assets become more important when the U.S. citizen’s income does not meet the Poverty Guidelines levels. For “personal property,” the U.S. citizen need not consider the value of every item he or she owns. An approximate total value of cars, jewelry, appliances (stereo, television, refrigerator), cameras, and other equipment will do. Nor does the citizen have to supply proof of their ownership—yet. But when it comes time for the green card application in the United States, the U.S. citizen sponsor will have to provide proof of ownership of any assets that used to show financial capacity—so be sure not to exaggerate on Form I-134.
Questions 10-21: Anyone whom the sponsor has listed as a dependent on his/her tax returns should be included here, along with anyone else whom the sponsor is supporting financially. If you need more space, attach a continuation sheet.
Question 22-25: This question attempts to find out whether the U.S. citizen is overextending him or herself financially. If he or she has filled out this form or Form I-864 (the Affidavit of Support used in green card applications) on behalf of any other immigrant, these lines should be filled in.
Question 26: The U.S. government also wants to know whether the U.S. citizen is planning to sponsor anyone else, having filed an I-130 petition on their behalf. Even if the K-1 fiancé is the only person being sponsored, the U.S. citizen should fill in that person's name here, with a notation by the name saying “subject of this affidavit.”
Question 38: Enter “N/A” (not applicable). This is only for visitors that are truly temporary, such as tourists.
Read Part 4, and make sure you understand what you are doing by signing the I-134.
Parts 5 and 6: If and interpreter and/or attorney or paralegal help you fill out this form, their information and signatures need to go here.
Along with Form I-134, the U.S. citizen should provide copies of documents proving income, as described below. Not every consulate will require such extensive documentation, but in case yours does, it's best to prepare in advance rather than risk delays in the process.
Copy of most recent federal tax return. Include the W-2 slips—at least one year’s worth, and maybe three. There is no need to include the state tax form. The consulate prefers to see the tax return in the form of IRS transcripts (an IRS-generated summary of the return that was actually filed), which can be requested online or by using IRS Form 4506T, available through the IRS website at www.irs.gov or by calling 800-829-1040.
However, it can take several weeks to get the transcript. Don’t let this hold up the immigration process. If the transcript hasn’t come by the time of the visa interview, simply use the U.S. citizen petitioner’s own, personal copies of the tax returns. Make sure the copy is of a form with the petitioner’s signature on it, or that you send a copy of the e-signature authorization.
If you are self-employed, instead of a copy of your last income tax return filed, the State Department will accept a report from a commercial rating concern (a company that provides credit reports about businesses).
Letter from U.S. citizen’s bank(s) confirming the account(s). The U.S. citizen should ask all of his or her banks holding money reported in Form I-134 to draft simple letters confirming the accounts. The letters can be addressed “To Whom It May Concern,” and should state the date the account was opened, the total amount deposited over the last year, and the present balance. Banks will often (without your asking) also state an average balance. Be aware that if this is much lower than the present amount, the consulate will wonder whether the U.S. citizen got a quick loan from a friend to make the financial situation look more impressive. Some consulates prefer a recent bank statement instead.
Bond information. If you stated the amount of bonds you hold, create a list containing their serial numbers and denominations with the name of the record owner(s) of each bond.
Employer letter. It helps to also obtain a letter confirming the U.S. citizen sponsor's employment. Here is a sample letter, which you can show the employer when making this request.
Sample Letter From Employer
Hitting the Road Trucking
222 Plaza Place
Outthereville, MA 90000
May 22, 20xx
To Whom It May Concern:
Ron Goodley has been an employee of Hitting the Road Trucking since September 4, 20xx, a total of over five years. He has a full-time position as a driver. His salary is $45,000 per year. This position is permanent, and Ron’s prospects for performance-based advancement and salary increases are excellent.
Very truly yours,
Hitting the Road Trucking