Collecting Unemployment Benefits in Utah

Learn the rules for unemployment eligibility, benefit amounts, and more in Utah.

By , J.D. · UC Berkeley School of Law

If you recently lost your job in Utah, you might be eligible for unemployment benefits: payments available to employees who are temporarily out of work through no fault of their own. Although the basic rules for unemployment are similar across the board, the benefit amounts, eligibility rules, and other details vary from state to state.

This article explains how unemployment benefits work in Utah.

Eligibility Requirements for Utah Unemployment Benefits

The Utah Department of Workforce Services (DWS) handles unemployment benefits and determines eligibility on a case-by-case basis. You must meet three eligibility requirements to collect unemployment benefits in Utah:

  • You must be unemployed through no fault of your own, as defined by Utah law.
  • You must have earned at least a minimum amount in wages before you were unemployed.
  • You must be able and available to work, and you must be actively seeking employment.

Are You Out of Work Through No Fault of Your Own?

You must be out of work through no fault of your own to qualify for unemployment benefits in Utah.

Collecting Unemployment After a Layoff

If you are laid off, lose your job in a reduction-in-force (RIF), or got "downsized" for economic reasons, you will meet this requirement.

Collecting Unemployment After Being Fired

If you were fired because you lacked the skills to perform the job or simply weren't a good fit, you won't necessarily be barred from receiving benefits. You will, however, be disqualified from receiving benefits for a period of time if your employer had good cause to fire you because you intentionally, willfully, or recklessly committed an act (or failure to act) that harmed your employer's interests. You will face a longer disqualification period if you were fired for committing a crime of dishonesty.

Collecting Unemployment After Quitting

If you quit your job, you won't be eligible for unemployment benefits unless you had good cause. In general, good cause means that your reason for leaving the position was job-related and was so compelling that you had no other choice than to leave. For example, if you left your job because of dangerous working conditions or sexual harassment that your employer refused to stop, you may be able to collect benefits.

The Utah Department of Workforce Services (DWS) will also consider whether it would be equitable to deny you benefits, given the circumstances under which you left your job. For example, you may still be eligible for benefits if you quit for compelling personal reasons, if you tried to make adjustments or find alternatives to quitting but were unable to do so.

Do You Meet the Minimum Earnings Requirement?

Virtually all states look at your recent work history and earnings during a one-year "base period" to determine your eligibility for unemployment. (For more information, see Nolo's article, Unemployment Compensation: Understanding the Base Period). In Utah, as in most states, the base period is the earliest four of the five complete calendar quarters before you filed your benefits claim. For example, if you were to file your claim in March of 2022, the base period would be from October 1, 2021, through September 30, 2022.

To qualify for benefits in Utah, you must both of the following requirements:

  • You must have earned at least $4,200 during the entire base period.
  • In the entire base period, you must have earned at least one-and-a-half times your earnings in the highest paid quarter of the period.

Are You Available and Actively Searching for Work?

To keep collecting unemployment benefits, you must be able to work, available to work, and looking for employment. (For more information, see Nolo's article, Collecting Unemployment: Are You Able, Available, and Actively Seeking Work?) If you're offered a suitable position, you must accept it.

Whether a position is suitable depends on several factors, including the commute, pay, working conditions, the skill and training required, and how similar the job is to your former employment. However, as time goes on, you will be expected to modify your standards and consider accepting work that is different or that pays less than what you were receiving.

You must engage in a good faith search for work. The Utah Department of Workforce Services may ask you to provide contact information for employers you've contacted at any point during your claim.

Amount and Duration of Unemployment Benefits in Utah

If you are eligible to receive unemployment, your weekly benefit rate (WBR) will be 1/26 of your wages in the highest paid quarter of the base period, minus $5. Currently, the most you can receive each week is $580. You may receive benefits for a maximum of 26 weeks, although this might be extended during periods of high unemployment.

How to File a Claim for Unemployment Benefits in Utah

You may file your claim for unemployment benefits in Utah electronically or by phone, although the DWS prefers online filing. You can find online filing information at the website of the Utah Department of Workforce Services.

Once the DWS receives your application, it will notify you of your eligibility and benefit amount.

How to Appeal a Denial of Unemployment Benefits in Utah

If your unemployment claim is denied, you have 15 days to appeal the decision. After receiving your appeal request, the Appeals Unit of the Utah Department of Workforce Services will schedule a hearing before an administrative law judge, at which you can present evidence and witnesses. Hearings are typically held by phone.

If you disagree with the judge's decision after the initial hearing, you can file an application for review with the Workforce Appeals Board within 30 days.

For more information on the unemployment process, including current eligibility requirements and benefits amounts, visit the website of the Utah Department of Workforce Services.

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