If you have been persecuted in the past or if you have a well-founded fear of future persecution on account of your political opinion, you could have a claim for asylum. Asylum is an appropriate remedy for people who are in the U.S. and afraid to return home because they risk being harmed there.
The harm must be serious enough to be considered persecution, and the persecution you experienced or fear must be tied to one of five grounds mentioned in the Immigration and Nationality Act: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. When making your claim you can argue that your persecution is tied to more than one ground.
This article will discuss whether your "political opinion" could, realistically, be among those grounds.
Political opinion is more than just what political party you support, though this might be a reason why you were persecuted or fear persecution. If you are a member of a political party and the persecutor is a member of a different political party, you can argue that the persecution you suffered or fear is on account of your political opinion.
Political opinion can also, however, take other forms, such as:
The next step after deciding whether your political opinion might have been among the reasons you were persecuted is to figure out how you are going to prove that, as discussed next.
Requesting asylum in the U.S. involves much more than filling out Form I-589 and saying, "I was persecuted." When you put together your asylum claim, it is very important to recall the details of the events that happened to you—either the past persecution or the things that happened to make you fear future persecution.
Details should include things like names, dates, and full descriptions of the events leading up to and including your persecution. Whether you file your asylum claim affirmatively with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or defensively with the Immigration Court, you will have to provide evidence to demonstrate your claim.
The I-589 application for asylum gives you space to explain your claim and prompts you to provide written details and records about what you experienced.
Once at the asylum interview or at your court hearing, you will provide oral testimony corroborating the information on the application, and be given the opportunity to expand on your account of being persecuted based on your political opinion in detail. Before presenting this oral testimony, the asylum officer or judge will ask you to raise your right hand and take an oath, swearing that your testimony will be true and correct to the best of your knowledge.
Of course, you will still need to convince the asylum officer or immigration judge that what you claimed happened to you really happened to you. Throughout your testimony, the asylum officer or judge will be assessing your "credibility"—that is, whether you can be counted on to tell the truth.
The best way to demonstrate your credibility is to provide clear, consistent details about your claim. If you say that you are a political activist with the CYZ party, for example, you must know the details about the CYZ party and the details about what happened to you in your country.
Asylum law is complicated and compiling a winning case difficult. It is a good idea to consult with an immigration lawyer experienced in asylum and refugee law for help in preparing and presenting your case.