If you buy a timeshare and regret it, most states have "cooling-off" laws; these laws let you get out of a timeshare contract if you act quickly, usually within three to ten days. In California, the cooling-off period is usually seven calendar days after you get the public report (see below) or sign the purchase contract, whichever is later.
But you still need to be cautious when buying a timeshare. And you should understand that if you take out a mortgage loan to buy a deeded timeshare and stop making the payments, the lender, usually the resort developer, will probably foreclose. Also, timeshare owners typically must pay annual maintenance fees and special assessments. If, as an owner, you don't pay the fees and assessments, you might face a lawsuit for a money judgment or a foreclosure of your timeshare. (With a right-to-use timeshare, people generally sign a contract and agree to make monthly payments. While a developer may foreclose a deeded timeshare, a right-to-use timeshare is typically repossessed, which is a different legal process than a foreclosure.)
Again, in California, you have the right to rescind a timeshare contract within seven calendar days, or a longer period as provided in the agreement, after the latter of:
The purchase contract must give notice of the cancellation period, along with the name and mailing address to which any notice of cancellation must be delivered. Notice of cancellation is considered timely if given not later than midnight of the seventh calendar day. (Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 11238.)
To exercise your right of cancellation, you have to give a written notice to cancel to the developer at their place of business, which must be included in the purchase contract. (Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 11238
Canceling by mail. If you send your notice of cancellation by U.S. mail, a rebuttable presumption exists that notice was given on the date that it is postmarked. (Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 11238.) (A "rebuttable presumption means that a court will assume something is true unless someone proves otherwise.) So, you should send your cancellation notice by some method that shows when you sent it, like certified mail, return receipt requested.
Canceling by another method. If you give notice by means of a writing sent other than by U.S. mail, like by hand-delivery, the notice is considered as given at the time of delivery at the place of business that the developer designates. (Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 11238.) If a question later arises about when you gave your cancellation notice, you'll need to be able to prove when and how you delivered it.
In California, if you take out a loan to purchase an interest in a deeded timeshare and fail to make your mortgage payments, the lender (again, typically, the developer) might foreclose. In addition to monthly mortgage payments, timeshare owners are ordinarily responsible for maintenance fees, special assessments, utilities, and taxes, collectively referred to as "assessments." You might also face a foreclosure in California if you fall behind in the timeshare assessments.
The foreclosure can be either judicial or nonjudicial. Judicial foreclosures are administered through the state court system, while nonjudicial foreclosures have no court supervision and are handled by a trustee.
In a foreclosure, the total debt that the borrower owes sometimes exceeds the price that the property brings in at a foreclosure sale. The difference between the total debt and the sale price is called a "deficiency."
In some states, the lender may get a deficiency judgment (a personal judgment) against the borrower for the deficiency amount. Whether you'll face a deficiency judgment after a timeshare foreclosure depends on state law.
According to the California Department of Real Estate (DRE), California's anti-deficiency judgment provisions of the state's Code of Civil Procedure (specifically, Cal. Code Civ. Proc. § 580b) apply to sales of timeshare interests. The DRE further states, "Each such contract or financing instrument should contain a statement where the subdivider declares he will not seek a deficiency judgment in the event of a default by a purchaser."
A few of the various options to avoid a timeshare foreclosure include:
If you want more information about timeshare laws in your state or need assistance canceling a timeshare, consider talking to a real estate attorney. If you're facing a timeshare foreclosure and have questions about the process or your options, contact a foreclosure attorney.