Federal and state law prohibit Virginia employers from discriminating against employees based on certain characteristics, such as race or religion. (To learn more, see our page on employment discrimination and harassment.)
In all 50 states, federal law makes it illegal to discriminate based on:
In addition, Virginia state law also prohibits discrimination based on:
Several cities in the U.S. have their own laws protecting additional characteristics or extending protection to more employees. For example, in Alexandria, it is illegal to discriminate based on sexual orientation. Contact your local government to learn more.
Federal antidiscrimination laws apply to Virginia employers with 15 or more employees, with the following exceptions:
In Virginia, companies with one or more employees are subject to the state's antidiscrimination law.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is the federal agency that regulates workplace discrimination. You can contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by calling 800-669-4000 or check out its website at www.eeoc.gov. The website will help you locate an EEOC field office in Virginia.
The Virginia Division of Human Rights enforces state antidiscrimination law in Virginia. You can contact the Virginia Human Rights Council at 804-225-2292 or go to its website.