Start Your Own Business in Indiana: Seven Steps You Need to Take

From licenses and permits to taxes and insurance, learn what you need to do to start a business in Indiana.



Here’s an overview of the key steps you’ll need to take to start your own business in Indiana.

Step 1. Decide on a Legal Structure

The most common legal structures for a small business are:

  • sole proprietorship
  • partnership
  • limited liability company (LLC), and
  • corporation

There also are special versions of some of these structures, such as limited partnerships and S corporations. You’ll want to consider which business entity structure offers the type of liability protection you want and the best tax, financing, and financial benefits for you and your business. Check  Choose Your Business Structure  on Nolo’s website for more information on how to choose the best ownership structure for your business.

Step 2. Choose a Name

For LLCs and corporations, you will need to check that your name is distinguishable from the names of other business entities already on file with the Indiana Secretary of State (SOS). You can check for available names by doing a  business name search  on the SOS website. You can reserve an available name for 120 days by  filing a name reservation application  with the SOS. There are certain name requirements for LLCs and corporations (like including a word such as “LLC” for LLCs or “Company” for corporations). See  How to Form an LLC in Indiana  andHow to Form a Corporation in Indiana  for more information.

Is your business a sole proprietorship or partnership that uses a business name that is different from the legal name of the business owner (for a sole proprietorship) or surnames of the individual partners (for a partnership)? If so, you must file an assumed business name with the county recorder in the county where you will do business. Check the relevant county website for more details.

If you plan on doing business online, you may want to register your business name as a domain name. See  Choose and Register a Domain Name  for more information. In addition, to avoid trademark infringement issues, you should do a federal and state trademark check to make sure the name you want to use is not the same as or too similar to a name already in use. See  How to Do a Trademark Search  for more information.

Step 3. Create Your Business Entity

  • Sole proprietorship:  To establish a sole proprietorship in Indiana, you don’t need to file any organizational documents with the state. For more information, see  How to Establish a Sole Proprietorship in Indiana.
  • Partnership:  To create a general partnership in Indiana, you don’t need to file any organizational documents with the state. Although not legally required, all partnerships should have a written partnership agreement. The partnership agreement can be very helpful if there is ever a dispute among the partners. For more information, see  How to Form a Partnership in Indiana.  To form a  limited liability partnership(often used by professionals), you must file a Registration with the Indiana SOS. For more information, seeHow to Form a Limited Liability Partnership in Indiana.
  • LLCs:  To create an LLC in Indiana, you must file  Articles of Organization  with the Indiana SOS. You will also need to appoint a  registered agent  in Indiana for service of process. In addition, while not required by law, you also should prepare an  operating agreement  to establish the basic rules about how your LLC will operate. The operating agreement is not filed with the state. For more information, see  How to Form an LLC in Indiana  and  How to Form a Professional LLC in Indiana  (for professionals).
  • Corporations:  To create a corporation in Indiana, you must file  Articles of Incorporation  with the Indiana SOS. You will also need to appoint a  registered agent  in Indiana for service of process. Although not legally required, you also should prepare  bylaws  to establish your corporation’s internal operating rules. Bylaws are not filed with the state.  S Corporations  must also file IRS Form 2553,  Election by a Small Business Corporation,  with the IRS. For more information, see  How to Form a Corporation in Indiana.

Step 4. Licenses and Permits

Tax Registration.  If you will be selling goods in Indiana, you must register with the Department of Revenue (DOR) to collect sales tax. If your businesses will have employees, you must register with the DOR for employer withholding taxes. You can register for both types of tax, as well as other business taxes, by submitting Form BT-1,Business Tax Application, online through the  Business Tax Application section  of the DOR website.

EIN.  If your business has employees or is taxed separately from you, you must obtain a federal Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the IRS. Even if you are not required to obtain an EIN, there are often business reasons for doing so. Banks often require an EIN to open an account in the business’s name and other companies you do business with may require an EIN to process payments. You can get an EIN by completing an online application on the IRS website. There is no filing fee.

Regulatory licenses and permits.  Some of the main categories covered by these licenses and permits are:

  • health and safety
  • contractor services
  • day care services
  • financial services
  • transportation, and
  • professional licensing.

The state publishes a comprehensive  Business Owner’s Guide  that you can  view online  or  download  and print out. Check the  Specific Occupational Business Licenses  section of the Guide for more details on state licenses and permits. For information about local licenses and permits, check the websites for any cities or counties where you will do business.

Professional and occupational licenses.  These cover people who work in various fields. The state’s  Professional Licensing Agency  (PLA) oversees many—though not all—of the state’s regulatory boards and commissions. Those boards and commissions are in turn responsible for regulating the various licensed professions and occupations. The  Professions section  of the PLA website lists the many professions and occupations that the PLA oversees.

Step 5. Business Location and Zoning

You’ll need to pick a location for your business and check local zoning regulations. That includes if you work from home. You may be able to find zoning regulations for your town or city by checking  municode.com.

Step 6. Taxes and Reporting

Indiana taxes every kind of business. See  Indiana State Business Income Tax  for more information on state business taxes in Indiana.

Sole proprietorships.  Pay state taxes on business income as part of their personal state income tax returns (Form IT-40).

Partnerships.  Partners pay state taxes on partnership income on personal tax returns. In addition, Indiana partnerships also must file  Form IT-65,  Indiana Partnership Return.

LLCs.  Members pay state taxes on their share of LLC income on personal tax returns. In addition, LLCs themselves have to file an additional state tax form — either a partnership return or a corporation return. The specific form used will depend on how the LLC is classified for federal tax purposes. Indiana LLCs also are required to file abiennial report  with the Indiana SOS. See  Indiana LLC Annual Filing Requirements  for more information.

Corporations.  Shareholders must pay states taxes on their dividends from the corporation. A shareholder-employee with a salary also must pay state income tax on his or her personal state tax return. Moreover, the corporation itself is subject to Indiana  corporation taxes. And, finally, corporations must file file a  biennial reportwith the Indiana SOS.

If you have employees, you must also deal with state  employer taxes.

And, apart from Indiana taxes, there are always federal income and employer taxes. Check IRS Publications 334,Tax Guide for Small Business, and 583,  Taxpayers Starting a Business, available at irs.gov.

Step 7. Insurance

Insurance is a good idea for most kinds of business. While insurance often is regulated at the state level, the types of business insurance available are usually similar across the fifty states. Check  Obtaining Business Insurance  for more information.

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