What is the Property Damage Statute of Limitations in Ohio?

If you're thinking about filing a lawsuit over damaged or destroyed property in Ohio, pay attention to the statute of limitations for these kinds of claims, or your right to sue could be lost.

If you've had your property damaged in Ohio, you could be thinking about filing a lawsuit against the person responsible for what happened. If so, it’s important to understand the Ohio statute of limitations for property damage claims, whether your potential case involves real property (damage to your house or your land) or personal property.

For those unfamiliar with the term, a "statute of limitations" is just a state law that affects your right to file a lawsuit over any kind of legal dispute or harm suffered, by putting a limit on how much time is allowed to pass before you file the case. Every state has passed these laws, and the time limits vary depending on the subject matter of the lawsuit.

The Filing Deadline in Ohio

In Ohio, the filing deadline that applies to a property damage lawsuit varies, depending on whether the plaintiff (the person filing the lawsuit) is seeking the repair or replacement of damaged or destroyed  real property  or  personal property.

The Ohio lawsuit filing deadline is  four years  from the date of any tort (wrongful action) that results in damage to  real property  (like a house or other structure, or land itself) (Ohio Revised Code section 2305.09).

For lawsuits over damage to  personal property  (including  vehicle damage),  Ohio Revised Code section 2305.10  says this kind of civil case must be filed within  two years.

It's important to note that these filing deadlines apply any time you’re asking a court to award you monetary compensation for damaged or destroyed property, whether that claim is part of a larger legal action or a standalone lawsuit.

Missing the Filing Deadline

If the filing deadline set by the statute of limitations has passed, but you try to file your property damage lawsuit anyway, the defendant (the person or organization you're trying to sue) will almost certainly make a motion asking the court to dismiss the case. And, except in rare cases where an exemption from the deadline applies (more on these exceptions in the next section), the court will grant the dismissal. If that happens, you've essentially lost your right to any legal remedy for your damaged property. So, even if you’re pretty sure your property damage case will settle, you still want to leave yourself plenty of time to file a lawsuit if you need to.

Extending the Statute of Limitations Deadline in Ohio

In a Ohio property damage lawsuit -- and most other kinds of civil lawsuits, for that matter -- a number of situations could pause ("toll" in legalese) or extend the statute of limitations deadline. These include:

  • if the defendant is imprisoned for any part of the statute of limitations period, the running of the statute of limitations "clock" is suspended for the length of the imprisonment, according to  Ohio Revised Code section 2305.15, and
  • if the property owner is under the age of 18 or has been declared "of unsound mind" at the time the property damage occurs, the time of the disability is not included in the statute of limitations period. (Ohio Revised Code section 2305.16)

Other exceptions may also apply to extend the Ohio statute of limitations time limit, but they're too complex to cover in this article. To learn the details of exceptions to the statute of limitations, especially if the filing deadline has passed on your property damage lawsuit -- or if the filing deadline is fast approaching -- talk with an experienced Ohio attorney.

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