If you're struggling to pay the property taxes on your home, you could risk losing the property to a foreclosure or a tax sale.
But you might be able to reduce the amount of property tax that you have to pay by challenging your home's assessed value or taking advantage of an abatement, deferral, or repayment program.
One step to reduce the property taxes you must pay is to challenge your home's assessed value. The property taxes are primarily based on your home's taxable value, which could be based on the fair market value, full value, actual value, or something similar.
All states have specific procedures for challenging—or "appealing"—a property's assessed value. Typically, you'll need to dispute the value shortly after you receive the bill. To prevail in your challenge, you must show that the estimated market value placed on your property is either inaccurate or unfair.
Also, some states require that you pay the bill before appealing. You'll then typically get a refund if you're successful in your challenge.
Follow the procedures carefully. Otherwise, you might lose the appeal. Check the tax assessor's website or review your property tax bill to learn about the specific process and what sort of documents and evidence you'll need to make your challenge to the value the assessor placed on your home.
Each state has property tax abatement (reduction) or exemption programs that allow specific homeowners to reduce the amount of property tax they must pay based on age, disability, income, or personal status. Older homeowners and veterans often are entitled to reduced property taxes.
Ordinarily, you'll have to apply for the abatement and provide proof of eligibility.
In some states, abatement isn't possible if you're already delinquent in your tax payments. But you might qualify for a deferral (where you can postpone paying the taxes if you meet eligibility requirements) or a repayment plan.
Also, many states permit the taxing authority to compromise on the amount of due taxes or waive penalties and interest.
When you don't pay your property taxes, the taxing authority could sell your home or its lien on the property to satisfy your debt.
Or, your mortgage lender might pay the taxes and then bill you. If you fail to reimburse the mortgage lender, it might foreclose your home. If you're facing a potential foreclosure, consider contacting an attorney to find out your options.