Cyber Monday
SALE

Cyber Monday
SALE

40% OFF sitewide*

Promo Code:
CYBR40

SHOP NOW

Make a Living Trust in Nebraska

Learn what a Nebraska living trust can do for you.

Nolo

What Is a Living Trust?

A "living" trust (also called an "inter vivos" trust) is simply a trust you create while you're alive. The beneficiaries you name in your living trust receive the trust property when you die. You could instead use a will, but wills must go through probate—the court process that oversees the transfer of your property to your beneficiaries.

Many people create a revocable living trust as part of their estate plan. You can modify or revoke (cancel) this type of trust at any time. Typically, you'll name yourself as the "trustee" of your trust. This means that while you're alive, you retain control of the trust and its property. In your trust document, you'll also name a "successor trustee" to take over and manage the trust after you die; this person will distribute the property in the trust to your beneficiaries. (If you create a shared living trust, as is often done by married couples, then your successor trustee would assume control after both spouses have died.)

In contrast, irrevocable trusts cannot be revoked or modified after they are signed. Irrevocable trusts can be useful tools for specific goals, like reducing taxes, but they require giving up ownership and control of trust property.

Do I Need a Living Trust in Nebraska?

When you set up a living trust to transfer your property to your loved ones after your death, you can potentially save them time, hassle, and money. Property left through a will (rather than a living trust) might be tied up for months or even years in probate court, and could involve court costs and lawyers' fees. By contrast, property left through a trust can be distributed to your beneficiaries almost immediately, and often without the need for an attorney.

However, Nebraska is one of the states that has fully adopted the Uniform Probate Code, a model law that streamlines the probate process. In other words, probate in Nebraska might not be quite as cumbersome as it is in other states. In addition, Nebraska has simplified probate processes for "small" estates. Your beneficiaries can skip the probate process altogether and use a much simpler affidavit (sworn statement) process instead if:

  • The total value of your personal property (after debts are accounted for) is $50,000 or less, or
  • The total value of your Nebraska real estate is $50,000 or less.

And if the value of your estate is less than certain allowances (like the homestead allowance, family allowance, exempt property, funeral expenses, and medical expenses of the last illness), then your estate can use a quick and easy version of probate.

If one of these shortcuts is likely to be available to your estate, you might not need to create a living trust just to avoid probate. You could also very reasonably decide that a will is sufficient because Nebraska offers a relatively streamlined probate process compared to other states. Still, there are a few other advantages of making a living trust. (See Living Trust vs. Will.)

Additionally, in Nebraska, you can transfer real property using a transfer-on-death deed; this can keep your home out of probate without using a living trust.

In Nebraska, If I Make a Living Trust, Do I Still Need a Will?

Yes, you'll still need a will. This might seem confusing—isn't the point of a living trust to avoid needing a will? Yes, it is, and your will might never be used. But you should still write one, for one or both of the following reasons:

  • Designating a guardian for minor children. You cannot use a trust to name a guardian for your minor children. For this reason alone, if you have minor children, you should write a will that names the guardian.
  • Accounting for property that you have not transferred to your trust. It happens all the time—people create a trust and forget to formally transfer property to the trust (for example, they never get around to changing the deed on their house). Or, people buy or inherit property after they've set up their trust, and forget or don't know to take ownership as the trustee of their trust. Either way, the property will not be distributed according to the terms of the trust. You should have a will as a backup to dictate how assets that are not in the trust should be distributed.

If you don't have a will, any property that isn't transferred by your living trust or other method (such as joint tenancy) will go to your closest relatives as determined by Nebraska state law.

Can a Living Trust Reduce Estate Tax in Nebraska?

Probably not. Most people do not need to worry about federal estate taxes because the federal estate tax is levied only on estates worth close to $12 million. Nebraska does not have its own estate tax. (But note that Nebraska is one of a handful of states that does impose a state inheritance tax.)

That said, if you have an estate worth close to $12 million (or you and your spouse or partner have a combined estate of close to $24 million), you might be able to use a more complicated trust (such as an AB trust) to reduce or avoid federal estate taxes.

How Do I Make a Living Trust in Nebraska?

To make a living trust in Nebraska, you:

    1. Choose whether to make an individual or shared trust.
    2. Decide what property to include in the trust.
    3. Choose a successor trustee.
    4. Decide who will be the trust's beneficiaries—that is, who will get the trust property.
    5. Create the trust document. You can get help from an attorney or use Willmaker & Trust (see below).
    6. Sign the document in front of a notary public.
    7. Change the title of any trust property that has a title document—such as your house or car—to reflect that you now own the property as trustee of the trust.

    You can use WillMaker & Trust to make a living trust using your computer. It has a simple interview format that allows you to complete the trust at your own pace, and it gives you lots of legal and practical help along the way. Based on your responses, the program produces a living trust document customized for you and your situation. With WillMaker & Trust, you can also make a will, powers of attorney, health care directives, transfer on death deeds, and many other useful documents. Use it just for yourself or for your entire family.

    For more on Nebraska estate planning issues, see Nebraska Estate Planning.

    Talk to a Lawyer

    Need a lawyer? Start here.

    How it Works

    1. Briefly tell us about your case
    2. Provide your contact information
    3. Choose attorneys to contact you
    Get Professional Help

    Talk to an Estate Planning attorney.

    How It Works

    1. Briefly tell us about your case
    2. Provide your contact information
    3. Choose attorneys to contact you