The first thing to know is that Nebraska follows a traditional fault-based system when it comes to financial responsibility for losses stemming from a crash: that includes car accident injuries, lost income, vehicle damage, and so on.
So, the person who was at fault for causing the car accident is also responsible for any resulting harm (from a practical standpoint, the at-fault driver's insurance carrier will absorb these losses, up to policy limits).
In Nebraska, a person who suffers any kind of injury or damage due to an auto accident usually can proceed in one of three ways:
Note: In no-fault car insurance states, a claimant doesn't usually have this same range of options. After a car accident in a no-fault state, you must turn to the personal injury protection coverage of your own car insurance policy for payment of medical bills and other out-of-pocket losses, regardless of who caused the crash. Only if your injuries reach a certain threshold can you step outside of no-fault and make a claim directly against the at-fault driver. But Nebraska drivers don't need to worry about no-fault after an in-state accident.
In Nebraska, "proof of financial responsibility" must be carried in all motor vehicles registered in the state. This can be proof of a bond or certificate of deposit (typically in the amount of $75,000) or, for most vehicle owners, a certificate of insurance showing liability coverage at the following minimums:
Liability coverage pays the medical bills, property damage bills, and other costs of drivers, passengers, and pedestrians who are injured or have their vehicle damaged in a car accident you cause, up to coverage limits. You can (and in some situations should) carry more coverage to protect you in case a serious crash results in significant car accident injuries and vehicle damage. Once policy limits are exhausted, you are personally on the financial hook, so higher insurance limits can help protect your personal assets in the event of a serious crash.
Your liability coverage will kick in if any family member is driving your vehicle, or if you've given someone else permission to use it. It will likely also cover you if you get into an accident in a rental car.
Remember that liability coverage doesn't apply to your own injuries or vehicle damage after a Nebraska car accident. You'll need different (additional) coverage for that if you're involved in a car accident and no one else's coverage applies to your losses. For example, collision coverage (optional in Nebraska) can pay for repairs to (or replacement of) your damaged vehicle after a car accident. Note that collision or comprehensive might be required under the terms of a vehicle lease or financing agreement.
Yes. In addition to the liability coverage minimums we discussed above, a car insurance policy issued on a vehicle registered in Nebraska must include uninsured motorist (UM) coverage. This type of car insurance kicks in when the policyholder and certain other covered individuals—like someone driving the car with permission, or a passenger—is injured in an accident caused by an uninsured driver.
In Nebraska, UM coverage required minimums are:
Underinsured motorist (UIM) coverage is also required in Nebraska, at the same minimums listed above for uninsured motorist coverage. UIM applies to fill some or all of the financial gap between the at-fault driver's policy limits and the dollar value of your car accident losses. Both of these coverages are mandated by Nebraska Revised Statute 44-6408, which also lets insurers issue policies with higher UM/UIM limits, up to $100,000 per person and $300,000 per accident.
Note that in Nebraska, both UM and UIM cover "bodily injury, sickness, disease, or death" resulting from a car accident. They don't apply to vehicle damage caused by an uninsured driver. Learn more about your options after an accident with an uninsured driver.
In Nebraska, if you receive a citation for "No Proof of Insurance" and you're the vehicle owner, your driver's license will be immediately suspended. To get it back, you must file proof of financial responsibility and pay a $50 reinstatement fee. The Nebraska DMV has more information about consequences of not having proper car insurance in Nebraska.
Keep in mind that these penalties will come on top of serious financial consequences if you cause a car accident and you don't have insurance.
If you've got questions about your legal options after a car accident in Nebraska, it might make sense to discuss your situation with a lawyer. Learn more about how an attorney can help with your car accident case.