Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution that can be used to facilitate settlement of a car accident claim, sometimes without going to court, and sometimes as part of a court order. Read on to learn more about mediation and what you can expect if your car accident case heads in this direction.
In the context of a car accident claim, mediation is a process in which a trained "mediator" helps you and the other driver (usually that means the other driver's car insurance company) try to reach a settlement.
Mediators can't require either party to do anything. Instead, they facilitate. They can make recommendations. They try to bring the two sides together. Mediation only occurs when all parties agree to it. You can't force the insurance company to go to mediation. (Maybe the court will require mediation later if you file a car accident lawsuit in court, but you can't force it.) Mediation is different from arbitration of a car accident case. But, if you can't get the insurance company to agree on arbitration, mediation can be worth trying before packing your briefcase and heading to court.
Normally, mediation begins with a discussion of preliminary matters, such as the fact that statements made in the mediation are not admissible in court. This rule frees everyone to discuss settlement without fear that something they say will come back to haunt them if there is no settlement and the case goes to court. You will probably be required to sign a written mediation agreement which outlines the rules of the process.
After the preliminaries, you, as the one making the claim, will be given the first chance to speak, to explain your view of the case -- including on key issues like fault for the car accident and the nature and extent of your damages -- and your proposal for how it should be resolved. Next the opposing party is given the same chance -- explaining their view and their idea for how the case should be settled. After the positions of all parties are "on the table," there may be further back-and-forth discussion by the group as a whole. Or, the mediator may separate the parties and become a shuttle diplomat, speaking privately with one side and then the other and carrying new proposals back and forth.
Normally, the mediator helps each side to see the other side of the case, usually in the private meetings. For example, the mediator might tell you about weaknesses in your claim that he sees, or he may give you information about how such claims usually fare in the local court. If the shuttle method is being used, the group may get back together anytime the mediator thinks that will help. Either as a group, or through shuttle diplomacy, the discussions continue until there is an agreement or until it is clear that there won't be an agreement. In a typical car accident case, you ought to know within an hour or less whether you will be able to reach an agreement.
These days, most courts either offer or require mediation of car accident cases that have been filed in court. However, you don't have to wait for that. You can suggest mediation before a case is filed in court. If both sides agree to go to mediation, that may be a good sign that both sides would like to settle the car accident claim without the expense of going to court.
But keep these things in mind about mediation.