Here's a quick checklist for making a will in Maryland:
A will, also called a "last will and testament," can help you protect your family and your property. You can use a will to:
In Maryland, if you die without a will, your property will be distributed according to state "intestacy" laws. Maryland's intestacy law gives your property to your closest relatives, beginning with your spouse and children. If you have neither a spouse nor children, your grandchildren or your parents will get your property. This list continues with increasingly distant relatives, including siblings, grandparents, aunts and uncles, nieces and nephews, cousins, great grandparents, and the descendants of a spouse who dies before you do. If the court exhausts this list to find that you have no living relatives by blood or marriage, the state will take your property.
No. You can make your own will in Maryland, using Nolo's Quicken WillMaker & Trust. However, you may want to consult a lawyer in some situations. For example, if you think that your will might be contested or you have especially complicated goals, you should talk with an attorney. See Do I Need an Attorney to Make My Estate Plan?
To make a will in Maryland, you must be:
In this situation, "legally competent to make a will" means that you:
You must make your will on hard copy. That is, it must be on actual paper. It cannot be on an audio, video, or any other digital file. (Although, see "Can I Make a Digital or Electronic Will?," below.) Type and print your will. Maryland does permit handwritten (holographic wills in limited situations, but they are usually not a good idea. Holographic wills are only permitted in Maryland if you are in the armed services out of the United States or its territories. (Md. Code Ann. [Est. and Trusts] § 4-103.) A holographic will is automatically voided one year after you are discharged from the armed services unless you have died or lost capacity. (Md. Code Ann. [Est. and Trusts] § 4-103.)
To finalize your will in Maryland:
No, in Maryland, you do not need to notarize your will to make it legal. Some states allow you to make your will "self-proving" by signing a special affidavit in front of a notary that accompanies the will. However, Maryland allows your will to be self-proved without a self-proving affidavit. As long as you sign and witness your will correctly, your will does not have to be proved to the probate court, and there's no need to make a self-proving affidavit. (Md. Code [Est. & Trusts] § 5-303.)
Yes. In Maryland, you can use your will to name an executor who will ensure that the provisions in your will are carried out after your death. Nolo's Quicken WillMaker & Trust produces a letter to your executor that generally explains what the job requires. If you don't name an executor, the probate court will appoint someone to take on the job of winding up your estate.
If, after signing your will, you later marry and have, adopt, or legitimize (legally accept as your own even though the child was born before your marriage) a child, your will is automatically revoked. To have a valid will, you would need to make a new one. If you and your spouse divorce after you make your will (or if a court determines that your marriage is not legal), Maryland law revokes any language in your will that leaves property to your spouse or names your spouse to be your executor. Md. Code Ann. [Est. and Trusts] § 4-105. If you have any concerns about the repercussions of marriage or divorce on your will, see an estate planning attorney for help.
If you need to make changes to your will, it's best to revoke it and make a new one. However, if you have only very simple changes to make, you could add an amendment to your existing will—this is called a codicil. In either case, you will need to finalize your changes with the same formalities you used to make your original will (see above).
Maryland is one of a handful of states that technically allows electronic wills (e-wills). The requirements for making a valid e-will can be elaborate, and the concept is still fairly new. As a result, e-wills are still not commonplace. For more details on Maryland's specific approach to e-wills, see What Is an Electronic Will?
You can find Maryland's laws about making wills here: Code of Maryland Article - Estates and Trusts Title 4 Wills.