Does Maryland have an inheritance tax in addition to a state estate tax? Yes. In fact, Maryland is the only state in the country that collects both types of "death taxes"—an inheritance tax as well as a state estate tax.
While Maryland's estate tax is imposed only on estates worth more than several million dollars (read more about the Maryland estate tax), Maryland's inheritance tax applies to all inherited property unless one of the exemptions (discussed below) applies. (Federal estate tax, a third possibility, applies only to the very largest estates in the country; you probably don't need to worry about it.)
But before you despair, know that the exemptions to inheritance tax in Maryland are plentiful, and a great many inheritors will not need to worry about the inheritance tax. Fortunately, in Maryland, close relatives and charities, as well as some not-so-close relatives, are completely exempt from the tax. Other inheritors pay the tax at a 10% rate.
There are many exemptions to Maryland's inheritance tax. The inheritance tax does not apply when property is inherited by the deceased person's:
The law also exempts these beneficiaries from tax:
And that isn't even the entire list of exemptions. No tax is imposed on the transfer of:
Finally, if the estate qualifies for simplified probate as a small estate under Maryland law (meaning the total value of all probate property is less than $50,000), there is no inheritance tax due.
Some gifts are subject to Maryland inheritance tax even if they're made while you're alive. Gifts made "in contemplation of death"—so-called "deathbed gifts"—are subject to the tax. So are gifts that are a "material part" of your property made within two years of your death. (Md. Code Ann. [Tax-Gen] § 7-201.)
The Maryland inheritance tax is 10% of the "clear value" of the inherited property. Clear value means the fair market value of the property, less certain expenses. The personal representative must file an inventory (either with the probate court or, if there is no formal administration of the estate, with the county register) of the deceased person's property.
Based on the inventory, the county register calculates the amount of inheritance tax owed and notifies the personal representative. The personal representative must pay the tax before distributing the property to the people who inherit it; if the personal representative doesn't pay it, it's up to the recipient. If there's no formal probate court proceeding, the county register in the county where the deceased person lived or owned property sends a bill to each person responsible for paying the tax.
Installment payments. If the inheritors would have to sell a small business they inherited from the deceased person in order to pay the inheritance tax, they may be able to make the tax payments over an extended period, up to five years.
If, by chance, you're an inheritor of property who owes both inheritance tax and state estate tax, you can subtract the amount of inheritance tax paid from the amount of state estate tax due. If the amount of inheritance tax due exceeds the amount of state estate tax due, you will not have to pay state estate tax. For more details on the intersection of inheritance tax and state estate tax, visit the Comptroller of Maryland.