There are two types of foreclosures -- judicial and nonjudicial. A judicial foreclosure goes through court. A nonjudicial foreclosure does not. Some states require that all foreclosures be judicial; others set forth procedures for nonjudicial foreclosures. Whether a foreclosure is judicial or nonjudicial is significant- it affects the foreclosure process and procedures, how you can raises defenses, and often whether you'll be liable for a deficiency after the foreclosure sale.