Family and Medical Leave in Connecticut

Connecticut laws give employees the right to take family and medical leave beyond the rights provided by the federal FMLA.

By , J.D.

Like employers in every state, Connecticut employers must comply with the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), which allows eligible employees to take unpaid leave, with the right to reinstatement, for certain reasons.

In addition, Connecticut laws give employees the right to take leave for family and health reasons. Employees who are covered by more than one of these laws are entitled to the rights set out in the most protective law.

Federal FMLA Rights

Connecticut employees who are eligible may take up to 12 weeks of leave for serious health conditions, bonding with a new child, or preparation for a family member's military service; more leave is available for employees who need to care for a family member who was seriously injured on active military duty. For detailed information on FMLA leave, see Taking Family and Medical Leave.

Who Is Covered?

Connecticut employers must comply with the FMLA if they have at least 50 employees for at least 20 weeks in the current or previous year.

Employees are eligible for FMLA leave if:

  • they have worked for the company for at least a year
  • they worked at least 1,250 hours during the previous year, and
  • they work at a location with at least 50 employees within a 75-mile radius.

Reasons for Leave

FMLA leave is available if an employee needs time off to:

  • bond with a new child
  • recuperate from a serious health condition
  • care for a family member with a serious health condition
  • handle qualifying exigencies arising out of a family member's military service, or
  • care for a family member who suffered a serious injury during active duty in the military. (You can find more information on these last two types of leave in Military Family Leave for Employees.)

How Much Leave Is Available?

Connecticut employees may take up to 12 weeks of leave in a 12-month period for a serious health condition, bonding with a new child, or qualifying exigencies. This leave renews every 12 months, as long as the employee continues to meet the eligibility requirements explained above.

Employees who need military caregiver leave may take up to 26 weeks of leave in a single 12-month period. However, this leave is a per-injury, per-service member entitlement. Unless the same family member is injured again, or another family member suffers an injury while on active duty, an employee may not take an additional leave for this purpose.

Leave and Reinstatement Rights

Employees are entitled to continue their health insurance while on leave, at the same cost they must pay while working. Although FMLA leave is unpaid, employees may be allowed (or required) to use their accrued paid leave during FMLA leave.

When an employee's FMLA leave ends, the employee is entitled to be reinstated to the same or an equivalent position, with a few exceptions.

Connecticut Family and Medical Leave Laws

State Family and Medical Leave

Employers with at least 75 employees must allow eligible employees to take up to 16 weeks of leave in any 24-month period:

  • for the birth, adoption, or foster placement of a child
  • for the employee's own health condition
  • to care for a family member (including parents-in-law, domestic partners, and the children of domestic partners) with a serious health condition, or
  • for organ or bone marrow donation.

Military Family Leave in Connecticut

Employers with at least 75 employees must provide leave to employees who are the spouse, child, parent, or next of kin to a current member of the armed forces who suffers a serious illness or injury on active duty. An employee may take up to 26 weeks of leave in a single 12-month period. Like the federal FMLA provision for military caregivers, this provision is a per service member, per illness or injury entitlement.

Pregnancy Disability Leave

Employers with at least three employees must give employees a reasonable leave of absence for disability relating to pregnancy, childbirth, or related conditions. Starting on October 1, 2017, pregnant employees might also be entitled to time off work as a reasonable accommodation for pregnancy, even if there is no disability. Under the new law, employers must reasonably accommodate pregnant employees unless it would cause undue hardship.

Paid Sick Leave

In 2012, service employees in Connecticut have the right to accrue one hour of paid sick leave for every 40 hours worked, up to a maximum of 40 hours per year. Employers in certain service industries with at least 50 employees must comply with this law. Employees may use this paid leave for their own medical needs or to care for an ailing family member (a child or spouse, including a same-sex spouse).

For More Information

You can get more information on these state laws at the Connecticut Department of Labor website.

Get Professional Help
Talk to an Employment Rights attorney.
There was a problem with the submission. Please refresh the page and try again
Full Name is required
Email is required
Please enter a valid Email
Phone Number is required
Please enter a valid Phone Number
Zip Code is required
Please add a valid Zip Code
Please enter a valid Case Description
Description is required

How It Works

  1. Briefly tell us about your case
  2. Provide your contact information
  3. Choose attorneys to contact you