Emergency Bans on Evictions and Other Tenant Protections Related to Coronavirus

Information on eviction moratoriums and tenant protections being enacted due to outbreak of COVID-19.

Use this declaration to get eviction protection during COVID-19 Use this declaration to get eviction protection during COVID-19

The federal government, as well as many any states, cities, and counties are taking steps to minimize the impact of the novel coronavirus crisis on tenants, including placing moratoriums on evictions, holds on shutting off utilities due to nonpayment, and prohibiting late rent fees.

Updated: September 17, 2020

Federal Eviction Protection

On September 1, 2020 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued an Agency Order titled Temporary Halt in Residential Evictions to Prevent the Further Spread of COVID-19 (Order). The Order went into effect on September 4, 2020, and prohibits residential landlords nationwide from evicting certain tenants through December 31, 2020. The Order protects tenants who:

  • have used their best efforts to obtain government assistance for housing
  • are unable to pay their full rent due to a substantial loss of income
  • are making their best efforts to make timely partial payments of rent, and
  • would become homeless or have to move into a shared living setting if they were to be evicted.

In addition to the above requirements, one of the following financial criteria must apply. To qualify for protection, tenants must:

  • expect to earn no more than $99,000 (individuals) or $198,000 (filing joint tax return) in 2020
  • not have been required to report any income to the IRS in 2019, or
  • have received an Economic Impact Payment (stimulus check) pursuant to Section 2201 of the CARES Act.

Tenants must complete a declaration under penalty of perjury that they meet the criteria listed in the Order. You can use Nolo's free, downloadable CDC Eviction Ban Declaration form to satisfy this requirement (the download includes details about the ban and instructions).

Anyone who violates the Order may be subject to criminal penalties including fines and jail time.

Even with the Order in place, states can still ban evictions and enact other tenant protections that provide more protection than the Order. This means that tenants who do not meet the criteria for protection under the federal ban might still be protected from eviction under any applicable state or local orders (see State Eviction Protection below). Visit FAQs About the CDC Eviction Ban for more details and answers to frequently asked questions.

Other Federal Tenant Protections

The FHA has extended its ban on evictions from properties secured by FHA-insured single family mortgages through December 31, 2020.

Additionally, the government-backed mortgage buyers Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae have prohibited landlords of single-family properties with Freddie Mac- and Fannie Mae-backed mortgages from evicting tenants until at least December 31, 2020. Also, certain owners of multifamily properties backed by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae can extend their loan forbearance, and, if they do so, cannot evict tenants during the term of the forbearance. To find out if your rental is covered by the Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac eviction bans, visit Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and enter your address. You can also use the National Low Income Housing's federal eviction moratorium lookup tool to see if your address is covered by one of the federal eviction bans.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is maintaining a detailed explanation of the federal eviction bans.

State Eviction Protection

The chart below attempts to capture the latest information on coronavirus-related tenant protections by state (and county and major cities, if applicable). Please note that this information is changing hourly, and the chart might not reflect all current protections. For the best information about the status of evictions where you live, check your state's judicial system or governor's website.

In the chart, click on the state's name to be directed to its official COVID-19 website.

State County or City Hold On Evictions Hold on Utility Shutoffs Other Tenant Protections/Notes

Alabama

No See notes

-Governor's order expired June 1, 2020.

-See Alabama Judicial System website for more information.

-Visit ALtogether to find resources for assistance in Alabama.

- Public Service Commission states that it is confident no customers will experience interruption during crisis, and that after crisis period utilities will help with past-due accounts. However, the decision is left to individual utility providers.

Alaska

No Yes

-Alaska State Legislature passed a bill placing a moratorium on utility shutoffs (set to expire on the earlier of November 15, 2020, or the end of the public health disaster emergency) and evictions (set to expire June 30, 2020) due to COVID-19 financial problems. Set to expire June 30, 2020.

-Alaska Supreme Court ordered that non-jury matters can proceed as of July 1, 2020.

-See Regulatory Commission of Alaska's memo on utility shutoff moratorium.

-Telephonic eviction hearings can be held in certain circumstances.

-See Alaska Court System's COVID-19 response page for information about courts, hearings, and alerts.

Arizona

Yes Yes

-Governor issued executive order delaying evictions until October 31, 2020. Applies to tenants who can't pay rent due to coronavirus-related issues.

-Arizona Supreme Court issued an order directing courts on how to safely handle evictions once the moratorium is over

-Arizona Corporation Commission enacted an emergency rule preventing residential electric utility customer service disconnections from June 1, 2020 until October 15, 2020.

-Arizona Department of Housing Eviction Prevention program.

Arkansas

No Yes

-Arkansas Public Service Commission ordered a shutoff moratorium during state of emergency.

-Courts are still open and conducting hearings (not in person) when possible. Check with courts re: status.

California

(local ban information) Yes Yes

-On 3/4/20 Governor Gavin Newsom declared a California-wide state of emergency (N-44-20) that (among other price controls) automatically caps rent increases. Via two separate orders, Newsom also allowed cities and counties to enact their own tenant protections (3/16/20 Executive Order N-28-20) and to extend those protections through 9/30/20 if they choose to do so. (6/30/20 Executive Order N-71-20).

On August 31, 2020 Gov. Newsom signed AB 3088, which bans evictions of tenants who can't pay rent due to COVID hardships until February 1, 2021. If the COVID hardship occurs between September 1, 2020 and January 31, 2021, tenants must pay at least 25% of rent due to avoid eviction. California has an information sheet outlining the eviction ban and tenant protections, and you can also read the text of the law for more information.

-Also see California Eviction Moratorium (Bans) and Tenant Protections for the status of bans in various California cities and counties.

-Utility shutoff moratorium for nonpayment until next year.

Colorado

No No

-Under governor's order (and renewal order) landlords can provide tenants with default notices, but must give 30 days' notice, effectively postponing evictions for 30 days. Landlords cannot charge late fees or penalties for nonpayment during May 1, 2020 through August 11, 2020.

-See Colorado statewide utility tracker for information about whether your utility provider has put a moratorium on shutoffs during the crisis.

-Check your court's website to see status.

-See the Colorado Department of Local Affairs Eviction and Foreclosure Prevention website for more information.

Denver No

-Denver Sheriff Department is acting on eviction orders.

-Resources for Denver residents.

Connecticut

Yes

See notes

-By order of governor, no evictions until October 1, 2020.

-Moratorium on utility shutoff for customers with financial hardship is extended through October 31, 2020. Beginning November 1 through May 1, the statutory Winter Protection Plan protects against service termination for financial hardship.

Delaware

Eviction proceedings on hold (see notes)

No

-Delaware Housing Assistance Program will provide eligible households up to $1500 in assistance to pay rent or electric bills.

-By order of governor, landlords can file eviction lawsuits, but courts must stay any proceedings. Law enforcement cannot physically remove tenants. Landlords cannot charge late fees. Utilities must work with customers who are struggling due to pandemic.

District of Columbia

Yes

Yes

-No evictions during state of emergency. Lawmakers have suspended the filing of eviction complaints until 60 days after the end of the state of emergency.

-No utility shutoffs during state of emergency.

-See D.C. Public Service Commission's resources page for more information about utilities and assistance.

Florida

Yes No

-By governor's order, all evictions (and foreclosures) are suspended until October 1, 2020.

-Most major utilities providers have said they will not shut off services. Check with your local provider.

Georgia

No Maybe (see notes)

-State of Georgia has a COVID-19 hotline: (844) 442-2681.

-Courts have discretion as to whether eviction hearings can proceed; check individual Georgia courts' status here.

-Check the State of Georgia Public Service Commission's website for a list of GA services that have suspended disconnections due to COVID.

Hawaii

Yes Yes

-By order of governor, evictions for nonpayment of rent suspended until September 30, 2020.

-Hawaii PUC ordered suspension of utility shutoffs through December 31, 2020.

Idaho

No No

-By order of Idaho Supreme Court, no jury trials in criminal cases before 8/3/2020, and no jury trials in civil cases until 10/5/2020. Remote hearings on all matters may resume on May 1, 2020.

-For financial and other assistance, the Idaho Public Utilities Commission has a county-specific resource guide.

Illinois

Yes

See notes

-By governor's order, no evictions (unless the tenant poses a direct threat to people or property) through September 19, 2020. (On September 16, the governor announced he will be extending the ban through October 22, 2020.)

-Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) ordered utilities to cease disconnections and suspend late fees until August 1, 2020. Also offering resources for consumers--check with the ICC for the latest information on its COVID response (some utility providers have agreed to extend the moratorium on disconnections until September 30, 2020).

Indiana

No No

-By order of governor, no eviction procedures (unless for emergency reasons) were allowed until August 14, 2020.

-By order of governor, no utility shutoffs were allowed until August 14, 2020.

-Indiana COVID-19 Rental Assistance Program.

-Indiana resource guide.

Iowa

No No

-By order of supreme court, hearings and non-jury trials may resume prior to July 13, 2020 depending on county court's status. Check with local court for more information.

Kansas

Yes

No

-By order of governor, no evictions allowed if the tenant has defaulted or violated the lease due to a financial hardship caused by the pandemic. The ban was extended through January 26, 2021.

-Utilities are required to offer payment plans.

Kentucky

No

Yes

-By order of the governor, the ban on residential evictions is over as of August 25, 2020. Effective August 25, 2020, landlords must provide tenants with 30 days' notice before evicting, and landlords must confer with tenants during the notice period. Landlords cannot charge penalties, late fees, or interest related to nonpayment of rent. This order is in effect through December 31, 2020.

-Kentucky Public Service Commission ordered utilities to cease disconnections for non-payment and late payment charges.

Louisiana

No

No

-Check your local court's website to see status of hearings and trials.

-For information on utilities, visit the Louisiana Public Service Commission's website.

-Louisiana Law Help is regularly updating its website with COVID-19 information for Louisiana residents.

Maine

No Yes

-By order of governor, evictions will occur under expanded time frames (meaning landlords must give tenants a longer notice period to move out/pay rent before they can be evicted). The Maine Supreme Judicial Court allows eviction filings and starting August 3, 2020 has lifted the restriction on scheduling and hearing eviction matters.

-Maine Public Utilities Commission ordered that all utilities not disconnect customers until further notice.

-MaineHousing has created a $5 million COVID-19 Rent Relief Program.

Maryland

See notes

Yes

-By governor's order, no evictions statewide during emergency (governor's order gives tenants a defense against eviction if they can demonstrate loss of income due to pandemic).

-The Maryland Court of Appeals put a hold on all eviction proceedings that ended July 25, 2020. The court has issued a communication about procedures for and timing of eviction cases. See court's August 11, 2020 Administrative Order for more information.

-By governor's order, no utility can terminate service or collect a late fee until termination of the state of emergency.

-Baltimore County has implemented a COVID-19 Eviction Prevention Program, and is accepting applications June 9 through June 12.

Massachusetts

Yes

Yes

-Legislative ban on evictions during COVID emergency; extended by governor through October 17, 2020.

-No gas or electric shutoffs until November 15, 2020 for residential customers.

Boston

Yes

-Mayor and Boston Housing Authority extended ban until end of 2020.

-Boston's Rental Relief Fund.

Michigan

No See notes

-Michigan is offering an Eviction Diversion Program for renters who need assistance.

-Many Michigan utility providers are agreeing to suspend shutoffs. Check the MPSC website for your carrier's current policies.

-By order of governor, no water shutoffs.

Detroit No

-By order of the 36th District Court, evictions were suspended within its jurisdiction through August 15, 2020.

Minnesota

Yes Maybe (see notes)

-Governor signed executive order to suspend certain evictions (see order for details) during state of emergency (currently set to expire October 12, 2020).

-Minnesota Public Utilities Commission required state regulated utilities to extend consumer protections throughout the COVID emergency.

Mississippi

No No

-Governor announced that evictions can resume on June 1, 2020.

-Supreme Court of Mississippi issued order stating that certain counties may resume sending jury summonses on or after May 18, 2020; gives judges discretion on many cases.

-Mississippi has established a COVID-19 information website.

-Check the Mississippi Judiciary's website for information about evictions, trials, and court access.

Missouri

No No

-Missouri's governor's COVID-19 announcements.

-Supreme Court of Missouri has directed courts to exercise discretion regarding cases (effective May 16, 2020) and appearances subject to certain Operational Directives. Whether or not your case will be held is left to discretion of judge.

-Check Missouri Public Service Commission's website for information about utility shutoffs.

Montana

Limited (see notes) No

-By order of governor, no terminations, evictions, or utility shutoffs for those who meet the criteria listed in the order. All others may be evicted/have utilities disconnected.

-Renters can seek relief from the Montana Coronavirus Relief program.

-Visit the Montana Public Service Commission's website to locate your utility service provider's website and find out about status.

Nebraska

No See notes

-Visit Nebraska Public Service Commission's website to see list of utility providers who have agreed to not shutoff service.

-Nebraska Public Service Commission is allowing utility carriers to seek reimbursement for providing service to low-income families.

Nevada

Yes No

-By order of governor, no evictions for nonpayment of rent through October 14, 2020.

-NV Energy suspended disconnections for nonpayment until September; check the State of Nevada Public Utilities Commission's website.

New Hampshire

No No

-By order of the governor, evictions can resume on July 1, 2020.

-State has created the New Hampshire Housing Relief Program.

-By governor's order, prohibition on disconnection of electric, gas, water, and telephone service will end on July 15, 2020.

New Jersey

Yes

See notes

-Governor's order prohibits removal of tenants from residential properties, and postpones enforcement of all judgments for possessions, warrants of removal, and writs of possession.

-All state water, gas, and electric utility companies have agreed to extend voluntary moratorium on shutoffs until October 15, 2020.

New Mexico

Yes, but see notes See notes

-See New Mexico's website on the utilities' response to COVID-19.

-New Mexico residents who have received an eviction notice should call the state's COVID-19 general hotline at 1-833-551-0518.

-NM courts have placed a temporary moratorium on eviction. You must provide the court with evidence of current inability to pay rent at your hearing on the eviction petition. Eviction hearings will be held by video or phone, unless parties file a motion for in-person hearing.

-Many utilities have suspended shutoffs. Check with your provider for information.

New York

Yes

Yes

-State legislature approved moratorium on evictions for remainder of COVID emergency.

-Governor ordered moratorium on evictions until September 4, 2020; then the New York Unified Court System ordered that no outstanding or new residential eviction warrants could be executed before October 1, 2020 (see court's order for details). The governor's order also includes direction regarding landlord's use of security deposit to cover unpaid rent, collecting late fees, and repaying unpaid rent.

-No utility shutoffs due to nonpayment during the state of emergency +180 days.

North Carolina

No

No

-Eviction ban expired June 20, 2020. Individuals needing assistance can call or text UNC's Civil Legal Assistance Clinic at 909-590-9165.

-Check with NC Free Legal Help to see if you are eligible for a free consultation with an attorney.

-Utilities may begin collecting and enforcing unpaid accounts on September 1, 2020. Check with your provider for more info.

North Dakota

No No

-By order of supreme court, evictions have resumed as of April 22, 2020.

-A North Dakota COVID-19 Community and Nonprofit Response Fund was established.

-North Dakota Public Service Commission information on financial assistance with phone or internet service.

Ohio

No No

-Governor requested landlords to not evict tenants.

-Ohio Supreme Court has advised all lower courts to continue eviction-related matters. Not a requirement, so check with local court.

-Ohio resources for economic support.

Oklahoma

No No

-Evictions may proceed, but, by order of the Supreme Court of Oklahoma, anyone filing an eviction must certify that the property is not covered under the federal CARES Act.

-Oklahoma's COVID-19 resources and assistance website.

-Oklahoma COVID-19 call center: 877-215-8336

Oregon

Yes No (see notes)

-Legislature passed bill prohibiting evictions through September 30, 2020.

-Governor updated order, clarifying that landlords may not take any action relating to evictions, including charging late fees or filing eviction papers.

-Oregon PUC list of utility providers who are suspending disconnects.

-Oregon PUC confirms suspension of shutoffs.

Pennsylvania

No

Yes

-Pennsylvania's eviction ban expired on August 31, 2020.

-Pennsylvania CARES Rent Relief Program.

-Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission's order prohibiting termination of utilities.

Rhode Island

No Yes

-By order of supreme court, evictions can resume after June 1, 2020.

-Rhode Island Public Utilities Commission ordered halt on termination of service for nonpayment through September 30, 2020 for residential accounts.

South Carolina

No No

-Supreme Court of South Carolina ordered all currently ordered and scheduled evictions to resume May 15, 2020. Court will accept applications for evictions as of May 15, 2020, as well.

-Any party pursuing an eviction must submit to court a signed, original Certification of Compliance with the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act.

South Dakota

No No

-Check South Dakota Unified Judicial System for status of cases.

-Check South Dakota PUC website for resources related to utilities.

Tennessee

No No

-Tennessee Supreme Court ordered that evictions may resume June 1, 2020.

-By order of Tennessee Public Utility Commission, the PUC had utility shutoff ban in place through August 10, 2020.

Texas

No No

-Unless there is a local order protecting tenants from evictions, courts can issue eviction citations, and eviction hearings can start as of May 19, 2020.

-For Texas-specific information and resources, see TexasLawHelp.org's website on Property Law Issues During COVID-19 and its publication, Evictions During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

-TXU Energy is offering customer support resources.

Utah

No No

-The Utah Apartment Association has helpful information and resources for renters and landlords on its website.

Vermont

See notes Yes

-By order of the Vermont Supreme Court, non-emergency court hearings can resume after May 31, 2020. Check with local court to confirm. However, evictions are banned until the end of the state's declared emergency.

-Vermont Public Utility Commission ordered moratorium on utility disconnections for nonpayment. (Until September 30, 2020.)

Virginia

No

Yes

-Virginia Corporation Commission suspended disconnection of utility service through October 5, 2020. After September 16, utility customers who entered into extended payment plans as the result of a prior order will continue to be protected from shutoffs if they remain current or enter into new repayment plans.

-Governor ordered that all relevant state agencies work to create strategies to help Virginians avoid evictions or foreclosures.

-Virginia Rent and Mortgage Relief Program.

Washington

Yes Yes

-Governor ordered statewide ban on residential evictions, which was extended until October 15, 2020. Also, landlords cannot assess late fees or other charges for non-payment or rent, and utility shutoff moratorium is extended until October 15, 2020.

Seattle Yes

-Seattle mayor ordered extension of moratorium on residential evictions through December 31, 2020. City Council passed legislation providing renters with a defense to evictions occurring within six months of the termination of the mayor's eviction moratorium.

West Virginia

No No -By order of supreme court of appeals, judicial state of emergency expires May 15, 2020. See courts for information on status.
Wisconsin No

Yes

-State launched the Wisconsin Rental Assistance Program for people who have lost income.

-By order of PSC of Wisconsin, no utility shutoffs for residential customers until October 1, 2020.

-PSC of Wisconsin launched a customer service phone line for internet and phone service.

Wyoming

No No

-Wyoming Supreme Court ordered suspension of all in-person proceedings (with certain exceptions) until May 31, 2020, stating that good cause exists to continue most matters. Check court for status.

-Check Wyoming's COVID-19 website for more information.

Other Resources:

  • You can check to see if your utility providers have taken the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC's) Keep Americans Connected pledge to not disconnect residential or small business customers during the coronavirus pandemic.
  • Sources of Coronavirus Assistance for Landlords and Tenants: A list of federal, state, local, non-profit, and private sources of financial assistance and other resources for both tenants and landlords.

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