How to Form an LLC in Delaware

Here are the basic steps you'll need to take to start a limited liability company (LLC) in Delaware.

Here are the steps you need to take to form an LLC in Delaware. For more information on how to form an LLC in any state, see Nolo's article How to Form an LLC.

1. Choose a Name for Your LLC

Under Delaware law, an LLC name must contain the words "Limited Liability Company" or the abbreviation "L.L.C." or "LLC." In addition, the name can contain the names of members, or the words "Club," "Foundation," "Fund," "Institute," "Society," "Union," "Syndicate," or "Trust."

Your LLC’s name must not be deceptively similiar to the names of other business entities already on file with the Delaware Secretary of State. Names may be checked for availability by searching the Department of State: Division of Corporations business name database.

You can reserve a name online on the Delaware Division of Corporations website or you can print out the Application for Reservation of Limited Liability Company Name and file by postal mail.

2. Appoint a Registered Agent

Every Delaware LLC must have an agent for service of process in the state. This is an individual or business entity that agrees to accept legal papers on the LLC’s behalf if it is sued. If the LLC is physically located in Delaware, it may act as its own registered agent. A registered agent may be either an individual resident or business entity that is authorized to do business in Delaware. The registered agent must have a physical street address in Delaware. A list of Delaware registered agents is available at the secretary of state's website.

3. File a Certificate of Formation

A Delaware LLC is created by filing by mail or fax a Certificate of Formation of Limited Liability Company with the Delaware Division of Corporations.

The certificate must include the LLC's name, the name and address of the LLC’s registered agent, and the signature of the organizer or a person authorized by the organizer. The filing fee is $90.

4. Prepare an Operating Agreement

An LLC operating agreement is not required in Delaware, but is highly advisable. This is an internal document that establishes how your LLC will be run, including how the LLC will be managed. In the absence of an operating agreement, state LLC law will govern how your LLC operates.

5. Comply With Other Tax and Regulatory Requirements

Additional tax and regulatory requirements may apply to your LLC. These may include:

EIN: If your LLC has more than one member, it must obtain its own IRS Employer Identification Number (EIN), even if it has no employees. If you form a one-member LLC, you must obtain an EIN for it only if it will have employees or you elect to have it taxed as a corporation instead of a sole proprietorship (disregarded entity). You may obtain an EIN by completing an online application on the IRS website.

Business Licenses: Any LLC conducting business in Delaware must obtain a Delaware business license from the Delaware Division of Revenue. The license can be obtained online using the Delaware One Stop Licensing and Registration Service or by mailing the Combined Registration Application Form (Form CRA). Your LLC may also need a local business license from the town, city, or county in which it is located; see Business First Steps for more information.

No annual report: Unlike most states, Delaware does not require LLCs to file annual reports.

6. Pay Your State Tax Obligations

All LLCs and foreign LLCs must pay an annual $300 Alternative Entity Tax by June 1 of each year. The tax is paid to the Delaware Division of Corporations Franchise Tax Section. In some cases, for example if you will be selling goods and paying Delaware’s gross receipts tax or if you have employees, you’ll need to register with the Delaware Division of Revenue. For more information on state LLC tax registration, see Nolo's article Delaware LLC Annual Filing Requirements.

All of the paperwork and procedural steps to start a limited liability company in Delaware can be done online using Nolo's Delaware Online LLC Formation application.

7. Foreign LLCs Doing Business in Delaware

All LLCs organized outside of Delaware must register with the Delaware Secretary of State to do business in Delaware. Foreign LLCs must appoint a registered agent for service of process physically located in Delaware. To register, file a Certificate of Registration of Foreign Limited Liability Company.

Ready to start your LLC?