Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia

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On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses S. Grant in the Village of Appomattox Court House. The resulting document -- titled the Articles of Agreement Relating to the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia -- marks the end of the American Civil War.

While the first meeting between the two generals lasted about two-and-a-half hours, the formalities to complete the surrender continued for several days. The final terms were unusually generous: General Lees soldiers were permitted to return home in safety if they agreed to cease fighting and turn over their weapons to the Union Army. General Lee was allowed to keep his saber, and many men were allowed to keep their own horses.

Shortly after the surrender, on April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was shot. He died the next morning, and Andrew Johnson became President of the United States.


 Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia


Appomattox Court House Virginia
April 10, 1865

Agreement entered into this day in regard to the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to the United States Authorities.

1st The troops shall march by Brigades and Detachments to a designated point, stock their Arms, deposit their flags, Sabres, Pistols, etc. and from thence march to their homes under charge of their Officers, superintended by their respective Division and Corps Commanders, Officers, retaining their side Arms, and the authorized number of private horses.

2. All public horses and public property of all kinds to be turned over to Staff Officers designated by the United States Authorities.

3. Such transportation as may be agreed upon as necessary for the transportation of the Private baggage of Officers will be allowed to accompany the Officers, to be turned over at the end of the trip to the nearest U.S. Quarter Masters, receipts being taken for the same.

4. Couriers and Wounded men of the artillery and Cavalry whose horses are their own private property will be allowed to retain them.

5. The surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia shall be construed to include all the forces operating with that Army on the 8th inst., the date of commencement of negociation for surrender, except such bodies of Cavalry as actually made their escape previous to the surrender, and except also such forces of Artillery as were more than Twenty (20) miles from Appomattox Court House at the time of Surrender on the 9th inst.

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