Are you a lawful permanent resident who is now eligible to apply for naturalized U.S. citizenship? Congratulations! Applying for U.S. citizenship is an exciting moment for most immigrants, and is the last step in the U.S. immigration processes.
Often, immigrants have spent years of waiting, attended multiple immigration interviews, and paid thousands of dollars in filing fees just to get to this point. But what happens when you are finally ready to naturalize, but you cannot afford to pay the filing fee required to submit the N-400 citizenship application?
The options depend on your household income level. You might be able to ask to pay:
Realize, however, that if financial improprieties or irresponsibility led to the low income, you might be risking USCIS finding that your moral character doesn't merit U.S. citizenship, as also discussed below.
Some potential applicants' earnings are too high to qualify for a full fee waiver, but might nevertheless entitle them to pay a reduced fee to file the N-400.
To ask for it, you'll need to fill out Form I-942 and submit it with your N-400. You will still be required to pay the full biometric services fee.
If your family income is below or equal to 150% of the U.S. federal Poverty Guidelines levels, you might qualify for a waiver of the entire N-400 fee, biometrics included. USCIS list which of its application forms qualify for a fee waiver in its 2011 Policy Memorandum, and the Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, is on the list.
To apply for a fee waiver, the easiest method is to fill out Form I-912, Request for Fee Waiver, and submit any supporting documents (although the regulations require only a "written request." See 8 C.F.R. § 103.7(c)(2).). Read Filling Out Form I-912 for an Immigration Fee Waiver, for detailed instructions on how to fill out the form and when and how to file it.
Also carefully read the Instructions for Request for Fee Waiver on USCIS's website for details on what documents you should submit as evidence of financial hardship.
When deciding whether to approve a I-912 Request for Fee Waiver, USCIS will determine whether you fall into one of the following three categories:
If you believe you fall into one of these categories, you will need to prove it to USCIS's satisfaction by submitting supporting documents.
Although applicants for naturalization are eligible to apply for a fee waiver, submitting such a request could affect both the merits and the processing of the application for naturalization, as follows.
To apply for naturalization, a person must meet multiple requirements, including that he or she is a person of good moral character.
Obviously there is nothing inherently wrong with having a low income. Sometimes, however, requesting a fee waiver brings to light issues that go against a good moral character finding.
If, for example, an applicant took advantage of a public benefit to which he or she was not entitled, such as welfare or food stamps, USCIS could find that the person committed fraud. Or, if the person is struggling financially because of credit judgments against him or her, or filed for bankruptcy, USCIS might find that he or she took advantage of the U.S. economic structure or deprived others financially.
Additionally, if USCIS finds that the applicant is failing to pay child support, even if the applicant is failing to do so because of a significant financial strain, USCIS can, by law, find that the applicant lacks good moral character.
These are just examples of situations in which USCIS could use information submitted with the Request for Fee Waiver to determine that a person is not eligible for naturalization. If you plan to request a fee waiver along with your naturalization application, carefully review all of the information on Form I-912 and the evidence you submit in support of your request to make sure that you are not highlighting damaging information, or see a lawyer for a full analysis.
Aside from affecting the merits of your naturalization case, applying for a fee waiver can slow down its processing time. USCIS will first need to review the fee waiver request before it can review the Application for Naturalization.
What's more, if USCIS determines that you are not eligible for a fee waiver, it will send the entire naturalization package back to you to request that you pay the filing fee. USCIS will not review your Application for Naturalization and it will not issue a Receipt Notice until it gets your payment.
This whole back-and-forth process can slow down USCIS's processing of a naturalization application by weeks or months. This is important to consider, especially if you are in a hurry to naturalize. Perhaps you want to travel for an extended period of time, but you do not want to violate the terms of your permanent residence. Or maybe an election is coming up in which you plan to vote.
When making the decision of whether or not to request a fee waiver, consider all of the possible effects.