Can I Repay Debts That Were Discharged in Bankruptcy?

By , Attorney Tulane University School of Law
Updated 5/23/2024

If you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy and the bankruptcy discharges (wipes out) a particular debt, you no longer have to pay it. However, you might want to repay a debt even though you are no longer responsible. Bankruptcy laws don't prohibit you from voluntarily paying debts after the discharge. Here are some circumstances in which you might consider repaying a discharged debt.

To learn more about the bankruptcy discharge and which debts you can discharge in bankruptcy, see Which Debts Are Discharged in Chapter 7 Bankruptcy?

You Have a Cosigner on a Loan

Perhaps someone cosigned or guaranteed a loan or credit account for you, for example, a car loan, store credit card, or a personal loan. Even though you no longer have to pay the debt, your cosigner is still liable for the debt unless the cosigner also filed for bankruptcy.

However, a couple of exceptions exist: If your cosigner is your spouse and you live in a community property state, your discharge might protect your spouse. Also, creditors can't go after cosigners while you're paying into a Chapter 13 plan in Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

If you incurred the debt and the creditor seeks payment from your cosigner, you might feel you should pay it. Once your bankruptcy case ends, you can pay the cosigned debt. Learn more about what happens to cosigned loans in bankruptcy.

You Borrowed Money From a Relative

If you borrowed money from a relative, the bankruptcy laws treat it as any other debt. Your relative cannot pressure you to repay the debt because it would violate bankruptcy laws. But if you feel obligated to pay up, you can do so.

The Creditor Is a Medical Provider

Medical debt is unsecured and is almost always discharged in a bankruptcy case. If your debt to a medical provider was discharged, the medical provider cannot violate the discharge by forcing you to pay the debt after the bankruptcy case. But the provider can refuse to provide further services to you.

Many people who file bankruptcy feel particularly regretful about discharging a medical debt, especially to doctors or hospitals with whom they intend to continue a relationship. If this is your situation, you can voluntarily repay the debt.

You Have a Corporate Credit Card

If your employer provides you with a credit card for employment-related expenses like travel or purchasing supplies, you might have to list the card in your bankruptcy. Depending on the type of card, your liability to your employer for charges might be discharged.

Many employees feel obligated to repay their employers for unreimbursed charges, especially if those charges were for personal expenses and not business expenses.

Creditors Might Treat Your Payments on a Discharged Debt Differently

Remember that most creditors expect to close accounts and charge off balances when they receive notice of your bankruptcy filing. If you want to continue paying on an account that you had before you filed, the creditor might treat your account differently than before you filed. For instance, some creditors will do the following:

  • Not send monthly statements. These creditors fear a statement might be considered an unlawful attempt to demand payment on an account discharged in bankruptcy.
  • Restrict your payment options. Some creditors won't allow you to use online payment options or might make you pay through their collection departments.
  • Refuse your payment. A creditor is especially likely to do this if its records show that the account is closed.
  • Not report to the credit reporting agencies. Some creditors will not report your on-time payments to the credit reporting agencies if the debt was discharged in bankruptcy unless you have signed a reaffirmation agreement. This means that paying those debts won't help rehabilitate your credit score.
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