Business Equipment: Buying vs. Leasing

Decide whether to lease or buy by learning about the pros and cons of each.

By , Attorney ● UC Law San Francisco
Updated by Amanda Hayes , Attorney ● University of North Carolina School of Law
Updated 5/22/2024

Should your business lease or buy equipment? The answer depends on your situation. Leasing equipment can be a good option for business owners who have limited capital or who need equipment that must be upgraded every few years, while purchasing equipment can be a better option for established businesses or for equipment that has a long usable life.

Each business is unique, however, and the decision to buy or lease business equipment must be made on a case-by-case basis. Here's a look at both options.

Leasing Equipment

Leasing business equipment and tools preserves capital and provides flexibility but might cost you more in the long run.

Advantages of Leasing Equipment

Less initial expense. The primary advantage of leasing business equipment is that it allows you to acquire assets with minimal initial expenditures. Because equipment leases rarely require a down payment, you can obtain the goods you need without significantly affecting your cash flow.

Tax deductible. Lease payments can usually be deducted as business expenses on your tax return, reducing the net cost of your lease.

Flexible terms. Leases are usually easier to obtain and have more flexible terms than business loans for buying equipment. This can be a significant advantage if you have bad credit or need to negotiate a longer payment plan to lower your costs.

Easier to upgrade equipment. Leasing allows businesses to address the problem of obsolescence. If you use your lease to obtain items that might be outdated in a short period of time, such as computers or other high-tech equipment, a lease passes the burden of obsolescence onto the lessor. You're free to lease new, higher-end equipment after your lease expires.

Disadvantages of Leasing Equipment

Higher overall cost. Leasing an item is almost always more expensive than purchasing it. For example, a 3-year lease on a computer worth $4,000, at a standard rate of $40/month per $1,000, will cost you a total of $5,760. If you had bought it outright, you would have paid only $4,000.

You don't own it. You don't build equity in the equipment. Unless the equipment has become obsolete by the end of the lease, this lack of ownership is a significant disadvantage.

Obligation to pay for the entire lease term. You're obligated to make payments for the entire lease period even if you stop using the equipment. Some leases give you the option to cancel the lease if your business changes direction and the equipment you leased is no longer necessary, but large early termination fees always apply.

Buying Equipment

Ownership and tax breaks make buying business equipment appealing, but high initial costs mean this option isn't for everyone.

Advantages of Buying Equipment

Ownership. The most obvious advantage of buying business equipment is that you gain ownership of it. Ownership is especially advantageous when the property has a long useful life and isn't likely to become technologically outdated in the near future, such as office furniture or farm machinery.

Section 179 tax deduction. Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code allows you to fully deduct the cost of some newly purchased assets in the first year. As of 2024, you can deduct up to $1.22 million of equipment. If the cost of your equipment placed in service that year is more than $1.22 million, then you must reduce your eligible deduction by the amount you exceed the limit. For example, suppose you put in service equipment costing $1.42 million. Because your equipment cost exceeds the dollar limit by $200,000, you must deduct that amount from your initial eligible dollar limit of $1.22 million. As a result, you can only deduct up to $1,020,000 ($1.22 million less the $200,000). If the cost of the equipment you put into service is more than $4.27 million, then you can't take the Section 179 deduction.

Bonus depreciation. With bonus depreciation, you can deduct a pre-determined percentage of the equipment cost in the first year the equipment is used. Unlike Section 179, there's no dollar limit with bonus depreciation. As of 2024, you can deduct 60% of the equipment's cost in the first year. You can deduct the remaining 40% through regular depreciation or Section 179. The deduction is set to decrease by 20% every year, ending by the close of 2026.

Disadvantages of Buying Equipment

Higher initial expense. For some people, purchasing business equipment might not be an option because the initial cash outlay is too high. Even if you plan to borrow the money and make monthly payments, most banks require a down payment of around 20%. Borrowing money can also tie up lines of credit, and lenders can place restrictions on your future financial operations to ensure that you're able to repay your loan.

Getting stuck with old equipment. Although ownership is perhaps the biggest advantage of buying business equipment, it can also be a disadvantage. If you purchase high-tech equipment, you run the risk that the equipment might become technologically obsolete, and you might be forced to reinvest in new equipment long before you had planned to. Certain business equipment has very little resale value. A computer system that costs $5,000 today, for instance, might be worth only $1,000 or less three years from now.

Should You Buy or Lease?

When deciding whether to buy or lease a particular piece of business equipment, try to figure out the approximate net cost of that asset. Be sure to factor in tax breaks and resale value when making this calculation. After determining which option is more cost-effective, consider other intangibles such as the possibility that the product will become obsolete (if you're considering purchasing) or that your need for the product will expire before the lease does (if you're considering leasing).

If you're considering a car lease, see our article on car leasing to learn about the advantages and disadvantages of car leasing.

For all the practical and legal information you need for your small business, get the Legal Guide for Starting & Running a Small Business, by Fred S. Steingold (Nolo).

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