Each state has laws affecting what happens to a body after death. For example, most states have unique rules about embalming, burial or cremation, scattering ashes, and how to get a death certificate. Here are some answers to common questions about post-death matters in Connecticut.
Getting copies of the death certificate. In Connecticut, a death must be registered with the local or state vital records office within five business days—or three calendar days if using an electronic registry. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-62b.) The death certificate must be filed before the body is buried or cremated. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-64.) Typically, the funeral home, mortuary, cremation organization, or other person in charge of the deceased person's remains will prepare and file the death certificate. The easiest way to get copies of a death certificate is to ask this person or organization to order them for you at the time of the death.
If you're the executor of the estate (in charge of wrapping up the deceased person's affairs), you should ask for at least 10 certified copies. You'll need to submit a certified copy of the death certificate each time you claim property or benefits that belonged to the deceased person, including life insurance proceeds, Social Security benefits, payable on death accounts, veterans benefits, and many others.
If you need to order copies of a death certificate after some time has passed, contact the vital records office in the town where the death occurred or visit the website of the Connecticut Department of Public Health. From the CDPH website, you'll find options for ordering death certificates online or by mail. A certified copy of a Connecticut death certificate costs $20.
Completing the death certificate. The physician who was in charge of the patient's care for the illness or condition that caused his or her death must complete the medical certification part of the death certificate within 24 hours of death. If the cause of death cannot be determined within 24 hours of death, the physician must give the funeral director notice of the reason for the delay and the body cannot be disposed of until the physician or coroner completes the medical certification. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-62b.)
Any person over the age of 18 may obtain a certified copy of a death certificate in Connecticut. However, only the following people or agencies may order a certified copy that includes the deceased person's Social Security number:
For details, see Connecticut General Statutes § 7-51a.
Embalming is a process in which blood is drained from the body and replaced with fluids that delay disintegration. Though it is still a common procedure, embalming is rarely necessary; refrigeration serves the same purpose.
In Connecticut, a body must be embalmed only if the person died of a contagious disease. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-62b.)
A casket is often the single greatest expense incurred after a death. The average cost of a casket is more than $2,000, and the price can run into the $10,000-$20,000 range for more elaborate designs and expensive materials. Whether due to the cost or for other reasons, some people prefer to forgo a casket altogether.
Burial. No law requires a casket for burial. However, you should check with the cemetery; it may have rules requiring a certain type of container.
Cremation. No law requires a casket for cremation. On the contrary, federal law requires a funeral home or crematory to inform you that you may use an alternative container, and to make such containers available to you. An alternative container may be made of unfinished wood, pressed wood, fiberboard, or cardboard.
No. Although funeral homes may sometimes be very pushy about getting you to buy caskets from them, federal law requires funeral homes to accept caskets that consumers have purchased from another source, such as an online retailer. (Learn more about your consumer rights under the FTC Funeral Rule.) You may also build your own casket, if you prefer.
Alkaline hydrolysis (more informally called "water cremation," "flameless cremation," "aquamation," "aqua cremation," and many other terms) is a chemical process that reduces a body to components of liquid and bone. It's considered a greener alternative to cremation because it uses less energy than cremation and does not release matter into the atmosphere.
In 2016, Connecticut recognized the use of alkaline hydrolysis when it revised an existing law on the ability to designate someone to have custody of one's remains. The revision added alkaline hydrolysis as a method of disposition. (See Conn. Gen. Stat. §45a-318.) Five years later, in 2021, Connecticut also added alkaline hydrolysis as one of the possible practices of funeral directors under the definition of the term "funeral directing." (See Conn. Gen. Stat. §20-207.)
While water cremation or aquamation is acknowledged by law, you might be able to find only a small number of facilities offering the service in Connecticut, which might mean traveling a distance to access it. The equipment is expensive and public demand is still small, though it's growing. With time, facilities offering water cremation are likely to become more commonplace.
If you're interested in this option for yourself, you may want to explore pre-planning your final arrangements. Water cremation tends to cost a little more than traditional cremation. (For example, see this 2023 NPR interview on water cremation in which one funeral home prices its water cremation service at $1,000 more than traditional cremation.)
Most bodies are buried in established cemeteries, but it may be possible to bury a body on private land if local zoning laws allow it and the burial is supervised by a licensed funeral director. The funeral director must obtain a burial permit from the town where the body will be buried, and the permit must state the location of the grave. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 7-65.)
In Connecticut, no state law restricts where you may keep or scatter ashes. When a body is cremated, the cremation permit must state the intended manner of disposition of the cremated remains. (Conn. Gen. Stat. § 19a-323.) Practically speaking, however, no one follows up to be sure the ashes remain in the location named on the permit.
Ashes may be stored in a crypt, niche, grave, or container at home. If you wish to scatter ashes, you have many options. Generally, use common sense and refrain from scattering ashes in places where they would be obvious to others.
Scattering ashes in an established scattering garden. Many cemeteries provide gardens for scattering ashes. If you're interested, ask the cemetery for more information.
Scattering ashes on private land. You are allowed to scatter ashes on your own private property. If you want to scatter ashes on someone else's private land, it's wise to get permission from the landowner.
Scattering ashes on public land. You may wish to check both city and county regulations and zoning rules before scattering ashes on local public land, such as in a city park. However, many people simply proceed as they wish, letting their best judgment be their guide.
Scattering ashes on federal land. Officially, you should request permission before scattering ashes on federal land. As with local or state land, however, you will probably encounter no resistance if you conduct the scattering ceremony quietly and keep the ashes well away from trails, roads, facilities, developed areas, campsites, and waterways. You can find guidelines for scattering ashes on the websites for some national parks. For more information, begin your search at the website of the National Park Service.
Scattering ashes at sea. The federal Clean Water Act requires that cremated remains be scattered at least three nautical miles from land. If the container will not easily decompose, you must dispose of it separately. The EPA does not permit scattering at beaches or in wading pools by the sea. Finally, you must notify the EPA within 30 days of scattering ashes at sea.
The Clean Water Act also governs scattering in inland waters such as rivers or lakes. For inland water burial, you may be legally required to obtain a permit from the state agency that manages the waterway.
For more information, including the contact information for the EPA representative in Connecticut, see the EPA's page on Burial at Sea.
Scattering ashes by air. While there are no state laws on the matter, federal aviation laws do prohibit dropping any objects that might cause harm to people or property. The U.S. government does not consider cremains to be hazardous material; all should be well so long as you remove the ashes from their container before scattering.
To learn about the federal rule on funerals, which protects consumers in all states, visit the FTC's Funeral Rule page.
For more information about funeral laws in Connecticut, see Connecticut Home Funeral Laws.
To find out more about funerals and other final arrangements, see Nolo's section on Getting Your Affairs in Order.
Get It Together, by Melanie Cullen (Nolo), helps you gather and organize the essential details of your life for yourself and your family.