Visiting a U.S. physician to receive medical treatment might not seem like a typical activity of a "tourist for pleasure," but if you want to travel to the U.S. for medical reasons the appropriate visa to request is the B-2 visitor. You will need to apply through your local U.S. embassy or consulate. To succeed in obtaining a B-2 visitor visa, you will need to show that this treatment is medically necessary and unavailable in your home country, as well as prove that that you can afford to pay the often extremely high costs of U.S. healthcare.
This article will discuss who will qualify for a B-2 visa for U.S. medical treatment and how to demonstrate your pressing need for health services in the United States. For more general information about who is eligible for a B-2 tourist visa, see A B-2 Visa for Visiting the U.S. as a Tourist: Do You Qualify?
In order to qualify for a B-2 visa for the purposes of treatment by a U.S. physician, you will need to show U.S. immigration authorities that you plan to make a brief and temporary visit to the U.S. for necessary medical attention that is unavailable in your home country. As part of the application process, you will need to provide evidence that you:
When you visit the U.S. consulate to request the visa, you will have only a short time in which to convince the consular officer that you deserve it, and are not just seeking a way into the U.S. to stay permanently. That's why having written documentation to support your request is crucial.
B-2 travelers seeking medical treatment must provide U.S. officials with a letter demonstrating their need for U.S. medical treatment. Ideally you will provide a letter from your local treating physician (on official letterhead) describing:
You must also provide a letter from a healthcare professional in the U.S. who is willing to treat you.
Before applying for the B-2 visa, do your research and contact a variety of medical professionals who can treat your condition to get an idea how long you will need to be in the U.S. and how much you may be expected to pay for the treatment and any related costs such as tests, doctors' fees, hospitalization, and prescription medication.
Once you have decided on a doctor who can best serve your needs, obtain a letter from the U.S. physician or medical facility outlining:
The price of U.S. medical services can come as a shock to visitors who are accustomed to government-subsidized care in their home countries. You will need to show U.S. government officials that you have adequate financial resources to pay for the medical treatment that you need. You will not be able to rely on any U.S. welfare or public assistance, because the law says that people who are likely to become a "public charge" will not be eligible for a B-2 visa.
Therefore, be ready to provide bank statements or other records showing the amount of cash that you have immediately available to pay your medical costs while in the United States, as well as for your expenses during your stay (such as housing, food, and transportation).
If you do not have enough income to show this, you can have a U.S. relative or friend agree to sponsor you using Form I-134, Affidavit of Support. This person will need to provide information about their employment, income, bank accounts, and other personal property to show that they have enough resources to cover your expenses during your trip to the United States. Be aware that Form I-134 is intended as a contract between the person signing the form and the U.S. government.
But providing Form I-134 to show sponsorship of your trip is not a guarantee that the U.S. official will approve your visa application, especially if the costs of your medical treatment are very high. Your chances are greatest if the person guaranteeing to pay for your costs is a close relative such as a parent, spouse, or child.
Although medical exams by U.S.-authorized doctors are mainly required of people who wish to immigrate to the U.S. permanently, you might be required by the local U.S. embassy or consulate to have such a medical examination in order to receive a B-2 tourist visa for medical treatment.
The purpose of this exam is to determine whether or not treatment for your disease or ailment is available in your home country. You will also be screened for any communicable diseases that would make your inadmissible to the United States. For more detailed information about medical exams overseas, you can see the U.S. State Department's FAQs on this topic.
People with certain contagious diseases are considered "inadmissible" to the U.S. and might not be able to obtain a B-2 visa for medical treatment. To learn more, see How Health Issues Can Make You Inadmissible to the U.S.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) maintains a list of those diseases that it considers to be of "public health significance" for the purposes of immigration. These communicable diseases include sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis and gonorrhea and bacterial diseases such as tuberculosis and leprosy. Also included are contagious diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, smallpox, and yellow fever.
In 2010, the CDC removed HIV from the list of diseases that rendered travelers inadmissible to the United States.
COVID-19 has been added to the list. If you have an active case, you will need to wait to travel. In addition, foreign visitors who seek to enter the United States by air must show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (though booster shots are not a requirement). There are exceptions to this rule; see guidance from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control.
The State Department amended its regulations in January 2020 (see 9 FAM 402.2), in an effort to discourage "birth tourism," or the practice of women coming to the U.S. to deliver a child who would then automatically become a U.S. citizen.
Under the new regulations, pregnant female applicants seeking a B-2 for medical treatment will have to overcome a presumption that their primary purpose in travel is, in fact, to obtain U.S. citizenship for that child.
This isn't impossible to overcome, but it will be difficult. You'll need to show a different and permissible purpose for the travel. Someone facing a complicated pregnancy, for example, might be able to show that the appropriate specialized medical care is not available in the home country, but can be obtained in the United States. This will, of course, require documentation from doctors and other relevant sources.
If you think you are eligible to travel to the U.S. for medical treatment, the next step is to learn more about how to apply for a B-2 visa at Application Process for a B-1 or B-2 Visitor Visa.