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Emergency Bans on Evictions and Other Tenant Protections Related to Coronavirus

Information on eviction moratoriums and tenant protections being enacted due to outbreak of COVID-19.

By , Attorney

The federal government, as well as many any states, cities, and counties are taking steps to minimize the impact of the novel coronavirus crisis on tenants, including placing moratoriums on evictions, holds on shutting off utilities due to nonpayment, and prohibiting late rent fees.

Federal Tenant Protections

The CDC's Eviction Ban Is No Longer in Place. The Alabama Association of Realtors, along with other plaintiffs, challenged the validity of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s August 3, 2021 Agency Order halting evictions in areas with high COVID-19 transmission rates (Order).

The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia (District Court) agreed with the plaintiffs that the Order was unlawful, but stayed (put on hold) its decision, leaving the Order in place.

The plaintiffs then asked the U.S. Supreme Court to lift (vacate) the District Court's stay of its decision, which would result in the eviction ban created by the Order ending. On August 26, 2021, the Supreme Court granted the plaintiffs' request to vacate the District Court's stay.

As a result of the Supreme Court's August 26, 2021 decision, the CDC's eviction ban is no longer in place.

FHFA Tenant Protections

The government-backed mortgage buyers Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae (FHFA) have prohibited landlords of multifamily properties with Freddie Mac- and Fannie Mae-backed mortgages from evicting tenants. For the most current details on the FHFA's tenant protections, see the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's information for renters in multifamily housing.

State Eviction Protection

The chart below attempts to capture the latest information on coronavirus-related tenant protections by state (and county and major cities, if applicable). Please note that this information is changing hourly, and the chart might not reflect all current protections. For the best information about the status of evictions where you live, check your state's judicial system or governor's website. You can also contact a legal aid organization in your area.

In the chart, click on the state's name to be directed to its official COVID-19 website.

State County or City Hold On Evictions Hold on Utility Shutoffs Other Tenant Protections/Notes

Alabama

No No

-Alabama's emergency rental assistance program.

-Visit ALtogether to find resources for assistance in Alabama.

-Alabama's Coronavirus Relief Fund.

Alaska

No No -See the Regulatory Commission of Alaska's COVID-19 utility information page.

-Information for renters about 2021 rent relief programs.

Arizona

No No

-Arizona Corporation Commission's ban on utility disconnects has ended, but many providers are extending the hold on disconnects and are offering assistance to customers. Check with your provider.

-Resources for individuals in Arizona.

-Arizona utility assistance programs.

-Arizona rental assistance.

Arkansas

No No

-Arkansas rental assistance programs.

California

(local ban information) See notes No

-Tenants earning less than 80% of the area median income will be protected from eviction through June 30, 2022 if they have submitted a completed application for rental relief before March 31, 2022. Tenants who didn't apply for aid by March 31, 2022 may be evicted. Resources and answers to FAQ about the program are available on the state's Housing Is Key website.

-Also see California Eviction Moratorium (Bans) and Tenant Protections for the status of bans in various California cities and counties.

-See the CPUC's website on consumer protections during the COVID-19 outbreak for details.

Colorado

No No

-By order of the governor (and extended until at least December 29, 2021), landlords must give tenants who have submitted an application for rental assistance 30 days' notice of nonpayment of rent before they can file an eviction suit.

-See Colorado statewide utility tracker for information about whether your utility provider has put a moratorium on shutoffs during the crisis. You can also get current information about utility assistance programs on the PUC's website.

-Check your court's website to see status.

-Colorado's Emergency Housing Assistance Program (EHAP).

Connecticut

No

No

-Governor has ordered new steps landlords must take before delivering a notice to quit for nonpayment of rent, as well as other tenant protections (extended through February 15, 2022).

-Connecticut's UniteCT (emergency rental assistance program).

Delaware

No

No

-Delaware Housing Assistance Program

District of Columbia

No

See notes

-The mayor has signed an act phasing out the eviction and utility shutoff moratoriums. Read text of act (A24-0125) here. As of January 1, 2022, landlords can file most types of eviction cases, but some tenant protections remain in place. The act also extends a utility shut-off moratorium for some customers. Details available here.

-D.C.'s STAY program (rent and utility assistance).

Florida

No No

-Florida Housing's COVID-19 Information and Resources.

Georgia

No No

-Georgia Rental Assistance Program.

-Courts have discretion as to whether eviction hearings can proceed; check individual Georgia courts' status here.

-Georgia utility assistance programs.

Hawaii

No No

-Resources for emergency rental assistance in Hawaii.

Idaho

No No

-Idaho emergency rental assistance.

-Landlords and tenants in Ada County who are involved in an eviction for nonpayment of rent will be invited to negotiate an agreement through an online portal.

-For financial and other assistance, the Idaho Public Utilities Commission has a county-specific resource guide.

Illinois

No

No

-Tenants and landlords might be able to get assistance through the Illinois Rental Payment Program (ILRPP).

Indiana

No No

-Indiana COVID-19 Rental Assistance Program.

-Indiana resource guide.

Iowa

No No

-Iowa Rent and Utility Assistance Program.

-Rent and utility assistance for residents of Polk County and the City of Des Moines.

Kansas

No

No

-Kansas Emergency Rental Assistance (KERA).

-Kansas utility assistance resources.

Kentucky

No

No

-Kentucky's Healthy at Home Eviction Relief Fund.

-Many utilities have voluntarily agreed to not shutoff for nonpayment. Please contact your utility provider for options.

Louisiana

No

No

-Louisiana's Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

-For information on utilities, visit the Louisiana Public Service Commission's website.

-Louisiana Law Help is regularly updating its website with COVID-19 information for Louisiana residents.

Maine

No No

-Maine's Emergency Rent Relief Program.

Maryland

No

No

-Eviction ban ended August 15, 2021. See the Maryland Attorney General's consumer alert and the Maryland Courts' website for more information.

-Maryland's Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

Massachusetts

No

No

-In some situations, courts cannot order an eviction for nonpayment of rent if the tenant has a pending application for rental assistance. Information and resources for renters and landlords.

-Massachusetts state resources for renters.

-For utility information, see the DPU list of utility assistance resources.

Michigan

No No

-See Michigan's COVID Emergency Rental Assistance (CERA) for information about rental assistance.

-Michigan utility assistance resources.

Minnesota

See notes See notes

-MN legislature has passed an "eviction off ramp" law. As of August 13, 2021, landlords can terminate the lease of renters who are behind in rent and are not eligible for a COVID-19 emergency assistance plan. As of September 12, 2021, landlords can file evictions, and renters who do not qualify for COVID-19 related rental assistance can be evicted. As of October 12, 2021, the eviction ban will apply only to renters who have pending COVID-19 rental assistance applications. All protections will end as of June 1, 2022. For detailed information visit Minnesota Housing's RentHelpMN website (see particularly its FAQ and timeline for off ramp).

-Information about utility assistance.

Mississippi

No No

-Rental Assistance for Mississippians Program (RAMP).

-Mississippi utility assistance.

Missouri

No No

-Missouri emergency rental assistance program.

Montana

No No

-Renters can seek relief from the Montana Emergency Rental Assistance program.

-Visit the Montana Public Service Commission's website to locate your utility service provider's website and find out about status.

Nebraska

No No

-Nebraska emergency rental assistance program.

-More information and resources available from Nebraska Legal Aid.

Nevada

No No

-Tenants might be able to delay eviction by showing proof that they have applied for rental assistance. See the Legal Aid Center of Southern Nevada's website for more information.

-Nevada emergency rental assistance program.

-Nevada utility resources and updates.

New Hampshire

No No

-New Hampshire Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

New Jersey

No

No

-See New Jersey Eviction Moratorium Information + Question Form for information on how to prevent an eviction.

-New Jersey emergency rental assistance program.

-See NJ's Board of Public Utilities FAQs on End of Shutoff Moratorium and Grace Period.

-New Jersey utility assistance programs.

New Mexico

See notes No

-See New Mexico's website on the utilities' response to COVID-19.

-NM courts have placed a temporary moratorium on eviction. You must provide the court with evidence of current inability to pay rent at your hearing on the eviction petition. Eviction hearings will be held by video or phone, unless parties file a motion for in-person hearing. The NM Supreme Court has a FAQ page for more information. The eviction ban will be phased out starting in April 2022. The date the ban will end depends on which court district you live in. For complete details, read the court's March 16, 2022 press release.

-New Mexico Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

-NM courts are developing an Eviction Prevention and Diversion Program that will start in some counties on February 1, 2022, and expand statewide in March.

-Many utilities have suspended shutoffs. Check with your provider for information.

New York

No

No

-The state legislature's COVID-19 Emergency Eviction and Foreclosure Prevention Act of 2020 ended January 15, 2022.

-New York emergency rental assistance program.

-HomeownerHelpNY.

-See DPS's website for FAQs and information about utilities.

-Apply for New York Heating and Cooling Assistance (HEAP) program here.

North Carolina

No

No

-North Carolina's HOPE program.

North Dakota

No No

-North Dakota COVID rent help.

-North Dakota Public Service Commission information on financial assistance with phone or internet service.

Ohio

No No

-Ohio Home Relief Grant (for landlords and tenants).

-Ohio Public Utilities Commission's information on utility plans.

Oklahoma

No No

-Oklahoma's Coronavirus Aid Relief Application.

-Oklahoma's COVID-19 resources and assistance website.

Oregon

No No

-Oregon's legislature passed a safe harbor bill to delay certain evictions: When serving a notice of nonpayment on tenants, landlords must include a notice about tenant's rights. Landlords must wait 60 days before filing an eviction if the tenant provides documentation of having applied for rental assistance. If the rent remains unpaid after 60 days, the landlord might be eligible to receive a grant for the rent that accrued during the waiting period, and the eviction can move forward. Most of these protections ended February 28, 2022. See the City of Portland's Oregon Eviction Moratorium FAQ for more information.

-Oregon emergency rental assistance.

-Information about utilities in Oregon.

Pennsylvania

No

No

-Pennsylvania emergency rental assistance.

-Pennsylvania Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP).

Rhode Island

No No

-Rhode Island emergency rental assistance.

South Carolina

No No

-South Carolina SCStay program (COVID-19 housing assistance).

-SC Housing's list of resources for rental assistance.

South Dakota

No No

-South Dakota CARES Housing Assistance Program.

-Check South Dakota PUC website for resources related to utilities.

Tennessee

No No

-Tennessee Housing Development's list of energy assistance programs for renters.

-Tennessee Office of the Courts' list of eviction resources.

Texas

No No

-Texas rent relief program.

-TXU Energy is offering customer support resources.

Utah

No No

-Utah Home Energy Assistance Target (HEAT) Program.

-Utah Housing Assistance Program.

Vermont

No No

-See Vermont Legal Aid's website for details about evictions in Vermont.

-Vermont Emergency Rental Assistance Program (VERAP).

Virginia

See notes

No

-Landlords must provide certain information to tenants when serving a notice for unpaid rent, such as providing tenants information about the Virginia Rent Relief Program and (in some cases) offering tenants a payment plan. Until June 30, 2022, landlords cannot evict tenants who apply for or cooperate with landlord's efforts to apply for the rent relief program. See VPLC Housing Advocacy's website for details.

-StayHomeVirginia.com.

-See Virginia Utility Assistance Program. A ban on utility disconnections still applies for some Dominion Energy customers (through March 1, 2022).

Washington

No No

-The eviction moratorium "bridge" ended October 31, 2021.

-Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission's information on COVID-19 utility assistance.

-Washington mortgage relief and assistance information.

West Virginia

No No

-Mountaineer Rental Assistance Program.

Wisconsin No

No

-Wisconsin Rental Assistance Program.

-Wisconsin Emergency Rental Assistance (WERA).

-Wisconsin Home Energy Assistance Program (WHEAP).

Wyoming

No No

-Wyoming Emergency Rental Assistance Program.

-Check Wyoming's COVID-19 website for more information.

Other Resources:

Updated: April 4, 2022