What Are "Costs" in a Personal Injury Case?

Besides payment for your attorney's services, there are other significant expenses that will inevitably arise when you're litigating a personal injury lawsuit.

If you're thinking about filing a personal injury claim after any kind of accident, chances are your personal injury attorney will agree to represent you under a contingency fee agreement (meaning you don't pay your lawyer unless you receive compensation for your injuries).

But in order to successfully present your lawsuit, a number of additional costs are unavoidable. In this article, we’ll explain what these costs often look like, and who pays for them.

The Difference Between "Costs" and "Fees"

To the average person, the words "costs" and "fees" mean the same thing. Not so in the legal profession. The term "fee" typically refers to the amount an attorney charges to handle a case. A good example is the contingency fee, which is the percentage of the recovery the plaintiff’s attorney will receive as compensation for working on a plaintiff's personal injury case.

The term "cost" includes expenses for pretty much everything else in litigation. The most common (and largest) costs in a personal injury lawsuit include:

  • court costs
  • expert witness fees
  • administrative expenses
  • deposition costs, and
  • costs of investigation and information gathering.

Let's look at each of these categories in a little more depth.

Court Costs

Court costs include the filing fee for the complaint (usually between $100 and $400), paying the daily stipend for jurors (should the case go to a jury trial) and serving the summons and complaint on the defendant. (Learn more about filing a personal injury lawsuit.)

If the plaintiff wants a copy of in-court testimony, they will have to pay the court reporter for a copy of the transcript. A copy of the transcript can cost anywhere from $2 to $4 per page, so an all-day in-court testimony can easily result in a $400 transcript.

Expert Witnesses

After your attorney’s fees, this is probably the largest expense in a personal injury lawsuit. An expert witness may charge several hundred dollars an hour to review your case, prepare an expert report, and testify at trial. In a simple personal injury case, this can amount to several thousand dollars. In a complex case, it can be tens of thousands of dollars, especially if your case requires several expert witnesses.

Practically any personal injury lawsuit that goes to trial will need at least one expert witness. This is because personal injury cases require plaintiffs to present certain technical arguments (such as the cause of an injury) that the average person wouldn’t know anything about. And court rules do not allow just anyone to testify about any subject. Let’s use an example to illustrate.

Let’s say you’re hurt due to the medical malpractice of a doctor. To win your case in court, one of the things you must do is explain:

  • how the doctor acted negligently, and
  • how this negligent conduct caused your claimed injuries.

Can you use a non-medical professional to explain this for you? You could in theory, but a judge or jury wouldn’t give them much credit for their testimony. On the other hand, you could have a doctor give the same testimony and a judge or jury would give the doctor’s opinion much more weight.

Court rules recognize that testimony from someone who is not an "expert" doesn’t add much to a case, and in certain situations can actually distract the jury and cause confusion or spread misinformation.

Very few people have the credentials to qualify as an expert witness and also have the ability to explain complex technical and scientific concepts in a way a jury can understand. So it's easy to see why hiring an expert witness can be both necessary and costly.

Administrative Expenses

All court cases will require some administrative expenses, such as postage, copying, travel, legal research, and producing trial exhibits. In a very simple and short case with few document-based pieces of evidence, this won’t be much, perhaps less than a few hundred dollars. But in litigation that lasts several years (which is common in personal injury lawsuits that go to trial), these administrative expenses can reach a few thousand dollars.

Deposition Costs

A deposition is the taking of sworn, non-trial testimony on the record. Usually, this means asking a witness questions with a stenographer recording everything said. The party requesting the deposition will pay for the stenographer’s time, as well as a copy of the transcript. For a deposition lasting a few hours, this can amount to about $500.

Investigation and Information-Gathering

This expense may be minimal in many cases. You can obtain medical records and police reports for free, or for a small fee. However, if special investigation or research is necessary, such as hiring a private investigator or sending someone to conduct research that can only take place in person, information-gathering costs can be significant.

It's Often a Balancing Act

Balancing the cost of a personal injury lawsuit with the potential recovery isn’t easy, and it takes a lot of experience to do it effectively. And even the most experienced and successful attorneys get it wrong sometimes. There are many situations where the attorney can spend additional time and money to present a more powerful case, but it may not produce a cost-effective return on investment.

The best thing you can do as a client is to discuss this balancing act with your attorney to make an informed decision. Learn more about getting an attorney's help with your personal injury case.

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