Wage Laws: Minimum Wage, Tips, Deductions, and More
The federal Fair Labor Standards Act and similar state laws set the legal rules for wages: how much you are entitled to be paid (and by when), what your employer can deduct from your paycheck, what happens if your wages are garnished, and more.
Some employers deduct the cost of uniforms and other supplies necessary for the job from employees' paychecks. And some deduct costs to cover shortages in an employee's cash register or items an employee breaks or damages on the job. Not all of these paycheck deductions are legal. Some states don't allow employers to pass certain costs on to employees. Even in states that allow employers to make these types of deductions, employers have to follow certain rules.
Federal law protects employees from being fired because their wages are garnished for any one debt, even if more than one proceeding is brought to collect that debt. However, employees are no longer protected if they are subject to garnishment for two or more debts. Some states give employees more