Probate Shortcuts in North Dakota

Save time and money when you wrap up an estate in North Dakota.

Updated by , Attorney (University of Arkansas School of Law)

The probate process can be long and drawn-out, costing your survivors time as well as money. Fortunately, North Dakota offers two probate shortcuts for "small estates." If the property you leave behind at your death is below a certain amount, North Dakota allows the property to be transferred more quickly and with less hassle. In other words, if your estate qualifies as "small," your loved ones may be able to use simplified probate procedures, or even skip probate entirely.

Collecting Property With a Small Estate Affidavit

North Dakota offers an out-of-court affidavit procedure that allows inheritors to skip probate altogether. To qualify for this procedure, the estate (the property you own at death) must meet these requirements:

  • the value of the estate can't exceed $50,000
  • there's no real estate that's subject to probate
  • no application for the appointment of a personal representative is pending or has been granted in any jurisdiction, and
  • at least 30 days have elapsed since the death.

(N.D. Cent. Code § 30.1-23-01.)

If your estate meets the requirements listed above, your inheritor can sign a simple document under oath, called a small estate affidavit or Affidavit for Collection of Personal Property. The document must include certain information, such as:

  • statements that the estate fulfills the requirements listed above, and
  • a description of the property being claimed.

After signing the document (and swearing to its truthfulness) and having it notarized, the inheritor simply presents the affidavit to the person or institution holding the property—for example, a bank where the deceased person had an account. The inheritor will usually also need to provide a certified copy of the death certificate. After that, the person or institution releases the asset. This process skips probate court entirely.

Simplified Probate: Summary Administration

Another probate shortcut that North Dakota offers is a simplified probate process for small estates, called "summary administration" (or "summary probate"). Unlike the affidavit procedure discussed above, summary administration does not allow your survivors to skip probate. However, the probate process is much more streamlined than full probate, saving time, probate fees, and potentially lawyer fees.

You can use summary administration in North Dakota if the value of the entire estate, less liens and encumbrances, does not exceed the value of:

(N.D. Cent. Code § 30.1-23-03.)

So what does all this mean? It's tricky not to have an exact dollar amount to compare against the size of your estate, but it really depends on your circumstances—for example, whether you leave behind a spouse and/or children. Some of these amounts also change frequently to match cost of living adjustments.

The bottom line is that if the size of your estate doesn't exceed these amounts, which can be set aside from your estate by law, your executor or personal representative can wrap up your estate in probate court very quickly because there aren't any remaining assets after these amounts are paid out.

If your estate qualifies, your executor or personal representative can immediately distribute the assets without giving notice to creditors. Then the representative files a closing statement, sends a copy of the statement to the inheritors and known creditors, and provides a full accounting to inheritors. (N.D. Cent. Code § 30.1-23-04.)

For More Information

For help determining if an estate qualifies for one of these probate shortcuts, or handling an estate in general, see The Executor's Guide, by Mary Randolph (Nolo) or Estate Planning Basics, by Denis Clifford (Nolo).

For more on North Dakota estate planning issues, see our section on North Dakota Estate Planning.

Get Professional Help
Talk to a Probate attorney.
There was a problem with the submission. Please refresh the page and try again
Full Name is required
Email is required
Please enter a valid Email
Phone Number is required
Please enter a valid Phone Number
Zip Code is required
Please add a valid Zip Code
Please enter a valid Case Description
Description is required

How It Works

  1. Briefly tell us about your case
  2. Provide your contact information
  3. Choose attorneys to contact you