Most people know that they should have a will, but many don't know what a will is and how it works.
Creating a will -- also known as a "last will and testament" -- is a step you can take to help protect your family and your property. You can use a will to:
If you die without a will, your property will be distributed according to Massachusetts state "intestacy" laws. Massachusetts' intestacy law gives your property to your closest relatives, beginning with your spouse and children. In the absence of a spouse or children, your grandchildren or your parents will get your property. If none exist, the state seeks out other relatives, including siblings, grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and nieces and nephews. If the court exhausts this list to find that you have no living relatives by blood or marriage, the state will take your property.
No -- you can create your own will in Massachusetts, using Nolo's do-it-yourself will software or online will programs. You may want to consult a lawyer in some situations, however. For example, if you think that your will might be contested or if you want to disinherit your spouse, you should talk with an attorney. Nolo's will-making products tell you when it's wise to seek a lawyer's advice.
To finalize your will in Massachusetts:
No, in Massachusetts, it is not necessary to notarize your will to make it legal.
Massachusetts does, however, allow you to make your will "self-proving." A self-proving will speeds up probate because the court can accept the will without contacting the witnesses who signed it. To make your will self-proving, you and your witnesses will need to go to a notary and sign an affidavit that proves who you are and that each of you knew you were signing the will.
Yes. In Massachusetts, your will can name an executor who will ensure that the provisions in your will are carried out after your death. Nolo's will software and online will produces a letter to your executor that generally explains what the job requires. If no executor is specified, the probate court will appoint someone to take on the job of winding up your estate.
If you have more than one will and it's not clear whether the old will should be revoked, Massachusetts law has certain rules to determine if your new will revokes or supplements (adds to) the terms of the old will:
If you and your spouse divorce (or if a court determines that your marriage is not legal), Massachusetts law revokes any language in your will that leaves property to your spouse or names your spouse to be your executor. However, if you happen to remarry your ex or if you specifically state in your will (or divorce decree) that divorce should not affect the provisions in your will, then these rules won’t apply. Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. § 2-804. If you have any concerns about the effects of divorce on your will, see an estate planning attorney for help.
If you need to make changes to your will, it’s best to revoke it and make a new one. However, if you have only very simple changes to make, you could add an amendment to your existing will – this is called a codicil. In either case, you will need to finalize your changes with the same formalities you used to make your original will (see above).
You can find Massachusetts' laws about making wills here: Massachusetts General Laws Part II Real and Personal Property and Domestic Relations Title II Descent and Distribution, Wills, Estates of Deceased Persons, and Absentees, Guardianship, Conservatorship, and Trusts Chapter 190B Uniform Probate Code Article II: Intestacy, Wills and Donative Transfers.