Late Rent Fees and Other State Rules on Paying Rent

Learn your state rent rules, including limits on late fees.

Most states have specific laws covering various aspects of rent. These rules (typically set out in the lease or rental agreement) may cover when rent is due (including what happens if the rent due date falls on a weekend date or holiday); where rent is due (such as to the landlord's business address); whether or not tenants have a grace period (for late rent before a landlord charges a late fee); and late fees (if any). Here are citations for statutes that set out rent rules in each state; note that the footnotes include details on state rules on late fees. When a state has no statute on a particular legal issue, the space is left blank. Other state laws cover the amount of notice landlords must provide to increase rent; rules and procedures for terminating a tenant for nonpayment of rent; extra fees a landlord may charge if a tenant's rent check bounces, or (in a handful of states) some form of rent control.

To read your state laws, see the website maintained by the Cornell Legal Information Institute.

State Rent Rules

State

When Rent Is Due

Grace Period

Where Rent Is Due

Late Fees

Alabama

Ala. Code § 35-9A-161(c)

Ala. Code § 35-9A-161(c)

Alaska

Alaska Stat. § 34.03.020(c)

Alaska Stat. § 34.03.020(c)

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 33-1314(C), 33-1368(B)

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1314(C)

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1368(B) 1

Arkansas

Ark. Code Ann. § 18-17-401

Ark. Code Ann. §§ 18-17-701,18-17-901

Ark. Code Ann. § 18-17-401

California

Cal. Civ. Code § 1947

Cal. Civ. Code § 1962

Orozco v. Casimiro, 121 Cal. App.4th Supp. 7 (2004) 2

Colorado

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann.

§ 47a-3a

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann.

§ 47a-15a

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann.

§ 47a-3a

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. §§

47a-4(a)(8), 47a-15a 3

Delaware

Del. Code Ann. tit. 25, § 5501(b)

Del. Code Ann. title 25, § 5501(b)

Del. Code Ann. tit. 25, § 5501(d) 4

D.C.

D.C. Code Ann. § 42-3505.31

D.C. Code Ann. § 42-3505.31 5

Florida

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 83.46(1)

Georgia

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 521-21(b)

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 521-21(b)

Late charge cannot exceed 8% of the amount of rent due.

Idaho

Illinois

735 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/9-218

735 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/9-218

Indiana

Watson v. Penn, 108 Ind. 21 (1886), 8 N.E. 636 (1886)

Iowa

Iowa Code Ann. § 562A.9(3)

Iowa Code Ann. § 562A.9(3)

Iowa Code Ann. § 562A.9 6

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 58-2545(c)

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 58-2545(c)

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann.

§ 383.565(2)

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann.

§ 383.565(2)

Louisiana

La. Civ. Code Ann. art. 2703

La. Civ. Code Ann. art. 2703

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 14, § 6028

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 14, § 6028 7

Maryland

Md. Code Ann. [Real Prop.] § 8-208(d)(3) 8

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch.186, § 15B(1)(c); ch. 239, § 8A

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 186, § 15B(1)(c) 9

Michigan

Hilsendegen v. Scheich, 21 N.W.2d 894 (1885)

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. Ann. § 504B.177 10

Mississippi

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 535.060

Montana

Mont. Code Ann.

§ 70-24-201(2)(c)

Mont. Code Ann.

§ 70-24-201(2)(b)

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-1414(3)

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 76-1414(3)

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 118A.210

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 118A

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 118A.200(3)(g), (210/5)(c) 11

New Hampshire

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2A:42-6.1

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2A:42-6.1

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2A:42-6.1 12

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 47-8-15(B)

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 47-8-15(B)

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 47-8-15(D) 13

New York

North Carolina

N.C. Gen Stat. § 42-46

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 42-46 14

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code § 47-16-20

Ohio

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 41, § 109

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 41, § 132(B)

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 41, § 109

Sun Ridge Investors, Ltd. v. Parker, 956 P.2d 876 (1998) 15

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 90.220

Or. Rev. Stat. § 90.260

Or. Rev. Stat. § 90.220

Or. Rev. Stat. § 90.260 16

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws § 34-18-15(c)

R.I. Gen. Laws § 34-18-35

R.I. Gen. Laws § 34-18-15(c)

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. § 27-40-310(c)

S.C. Code Ann. § 27-40-310(c)

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws Ann. § 43-32-12

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann.

§ 66-28-201(c)

Tenn. Code Ann.

§ 66-28-201(d)

Tenn. Code Ann.

§ 66-28-201(c)

Tenn. Code Ann.

§ 66-28-201(d) 17

Texas

Tex. Prop. Code Ann. § 92.019 18

Utah

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9, § 4455

Virginia

Va. Code Ann. § 55-248.7(C)

Va. Code Ann. § 55-248.7(C)

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

1 Late fees must be set forth in a written rental agreement and be reasonable. (Arizona)

2 Late fees will be enforced only if specified language is included in a written lease or rental agreement. (California)

3 Landlords may not charge a late fee until 9 days after rent is due. (Connecticut)

4 To charge a late fee, landlord must maintain an office in the county where the rental unit is located at which tenants can pay rent. If a landlord doesnt have a local office for this purpose, tenant has 3 extra days (beyond the due date) to pay rent before the landlord can charge a late fee. Late fee cannot exceed 5% of rent and cannot be imposed until the rent is more than 5 days late. (Delaware)

5 Fee policy must be stated in the lease, and cannot exceed 5% of rent due, nor be imposed until rent is five days late (or later, if lease so provides). Landlord cannot evict for failure to pay late fee (may deduct unpaid fees from security deposit at end of tenancy). (D.C.)

6 When rent is $700 per month or less, late fees cannot exceed $12 per day, or a total amount of $60 per month; when rent is more than $700 per month, fees cannot exceed $20 per day or a total amount of $100 per month. (Iowa)

7 Late fees cannot exceed 4% of the amount due for 30 days. Landlord must notify tenants, in writing, of any late fee at the start of the tenancy, and cannot impose it until rent is 15 days late. (Maine)

8 Late fees cannot exceed 5% of the rent due. (Maryland)

9 Late fees, including interest on late rent, may not be imposed until the rent is 30 days late. (Massachusetts)

Late fee policy must be agreed to in writing, and may not exceed 8% of the overdue rent payment. Thedue date for late fee purposes does not include a date earlier than the usual rent due date, by which date a tenant earns a discount. (Minnesota)

11 A court will presume that there is no late fee provision unless it is included in a written rental agreement, but the landlord can offer evidence to overcome that presumption. (Nevada)

12 Landlord must wait 5 days before charging a late fee, but only when the premises are rented or leased by senior citizens receiving Social Security Old Age Pensions, Railroad Retirement Pensions, or other governmental pensions in lieu of Social Security Old Age Pensions; or when rented by recipients of Social Security Disability Benefits, Supplemental Security Income, or benefits under Work First New Jersey. (New Jersey)

13 Late fee policy must be in the lease or rental agreement and may not exceed 10% of the rent specified per rental period. Landlord must notify the tenant of the landlords intent to impose the charge no later than the last day of the next rental period immediately following the period in which the default occurred. (New Mexico)

14 Late fee when rent is due monthly cannot be higher than $15 or 5% of the rental payment, whichever is greater (when rent is due weekly, may not be higher than $4.00 or 5% of the rent, whichever is greater); and may not be imposed until the rent is 5 days late. A late fee may be imposed only one time for each late rental payment. A late fee for a specific late rental payment may not be deducted from a subsequent rental payment so as to cause the subsequent rental payment to be in default. (North Carolina)

15 Preset late fees are invalid. (Oklahoma)

16 Landlord must wait 4 days after the rent due date before imposing a late fee, and must disclose the late fee policy in the rental agreement. A flat fee must be reasonable. A daily late fee may not be more than 6% of a reasonable flat fee, and cannot add up to more than 5% of the monthly rent. (Oregon)

17 Landlord cant charge a late fee until the rent is 5 days late (the day rent is due is counted as the first day). If day five is a Sunday or legal holiday, landlord cannot impose a fee if the rent is paid on the next business day. Fee cant exceed 10% of the amount past due. (Tennessee)

18 Late fee provision must be included in a written lease and cannot be imposed until the rent remains unpaid one full day after the date it is due. The fee is valid only if it is a reasonable estimate of uncertain damages to the landlord that are incapable of precise calculation. Landlord may charge an initial fee and a daily fee for each day the rent is late. (Texas)

Updated: November 2017

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