Due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the IRS is extending the time to file and pay 2019 income taxes by 90 days. (IRS Notice 2020-18.) Thus, your 2019 tax return need not be filed until July 15, 2020. You don't have to pay any amount you owe until that date. No penalties or interest will be charged. There is no limit on the amount of such payments that may be postponed.
This 90-day extension is automatic--you don't need to file a tax form to obtain it. And it applies to all taxpayers--individuals, corporations, partnerships, trusts, estates, and nonprofits. It covers both 2019 income taxes and self-employment taxes (Social Security and Medicare taxes).
Taxpayers who pay estimated taxes are supposed to make their first payment for 2020 on April 15 and their second payment on June 15. The deadlines for both payments have been extended by 90 days until July 15. You can pay them earlier if you want to.
Self-employed taxpayers pay their Social Security taxes as part of their estimated taxes. This is a 12.4 tax up to $137,700 in 2020 net self-employment income. The self-employed have the option of deferring payment of 50% of such taxes until 2021 and 2022. 25% of the deferred amount must be paid by December 31, 2021 and 25% by December 31, 2022.
You can still obtain an automatic six-month extension to file your 2019 return by filing IRS Form 4868, Application For Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Tax Return. You must file Form 4868 before July 15 to obtain such an extension. Filing for an extension is purely optional.
Filing an extension delays the date you have to file your 2019 return until October 15, 2020 (the ordinary due date when extensions are filed). But, you'll still need to pay any 2019 income and self-employment tax you owe by July 15.
Completing and filing Form 4868 is relatively simple. However, you need to provide an estimate of your total 2019 tax liability on Form 4868, and list the amount you've already paid and the amount you owe. You can get a free estimate of how much tax you owe, by using TurboTax's TaxCaster or H&R Block's Tax Calculator. You can send in Form 4868 to the IRS electronically with tax software such as TurboTax or H&R Block, by using IRS Free File, or through your tax preparer. You can also complete the form online, print it out, and postal mail it to the IRS. Your extension letter must be postmarked by the due date; it doesn't matter if it's received by the IRS after that date.
If you're owed a tax refund on your 2019 taxes, it makes absolutely no sense to delay filing your complete 2019 tax return. You should file it as soon as possible so you'll get your refund. The IRS is still processing refunds and says it takes on average 21 days to get them. You won't get a refund until you file. If you're not sure you're owed a refund, you can use the tax calculators listed above to find out or the Tax Withholding Estimator on the IRS website.
You have until the due date of your tax return--July 15, 2020--to make contributions to an IRA or Health Savings Account and have it apply to your 2019 taxes.
Forty-two states and the District of Columbia have their own income taxes and most also have an April 15 deadline. All of them have followed the IRS's lead and granted their own tax filing and payment extensions. You can find summaries of state coronavirus tax extensions at a special web page maintained by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. You can also check your state tax agency's website for more information. You can find a link to it at the IRS State Government Websites page.