Thousands of Illinois residents are currently waiting for donated organs. (See Illinois's waiting list for precise numbers.) To be part of the solution to the ongoing need for donated organs and tissues, take the following steps to become a donor after your death.
To confirm your intention to be an organ donor, begin by registering with the state organ donor database at Donate Life Illinois. It takes just a few minutes to register online. After your death, medical personnel will search the state donor registry and easily locate your wish to be a donor.
When you get a new driver's license in Illinois, you will be asked whether you would like to be an organ donor. If you say yes, the title "DONOR" will appear on your license, along with a red insignia. Your DMV record will also reflect your choice.
In addition to signing up with the Illinois state organ donor registry and using your driver's license to indicate that you want to be an organ donor, it's a good idea to include your desire to donate in your important estate planning documents, especially your durable power of attorney for health care. (It's not always helpful to include your organ donation wishes in your will, because it may not be found and read until it is too late to donate.) Covering these bases helps to ensure that your wishes will be known and followed.
For additional information about making a power of attorney, see Illinois Living Wills and Durable Powers of Attorney for Health Care: What You Need to Know.
If you've documented your wishes to be an organ and tissue donor, your wishes must be honored whether or not others agree with your choice. (See 755 ILCS § 50/5-7.) Nevertheless, to avoid confusion or delays, it's important to tell others that you feel strongly about donating your organs. Consider discussing the matter with family members, your health care providers, clergy if appropriate, and close friends.
These conversations are critical because if you don't document your intention to be an organ donor, your next of kin will make the decision about whether or not to donate your organs. (See below.)
Many medical schools and other institutions seek donations of whole bodies for research and instruction. You can make arrangements to donate your body to science by directly contacting an interested medical school or whole body donation organization.
For more information about donating your body to science in Illinois, you may contact one of the programs on this list of body donation programs in the United States. You can also contact a national whole body donation organization such as Science Care.
If for any reason you feel strongly that you do not want to be an organ donor, you should put those wishes in writing. If you don't, your family members may consent to the donation of your organs after your death.
Write down your instructions in a signed, dated document -- perhaps in your durable power of attorney for health care -- and be sure your family and health care providers know that you choose not to be an organ donor. Sign the document in front of two disinterested witnesses. If you have prepared a written notice stating that you do not want to be a donor, others are legally barred from donating any part of your body. (755 ILCS § 50/5-43.)
If you don't leave instructions about organ donation, Illinois law decides who will make the decision for you after your death. When a minor dies, the right to decide about organ donation goes to the child's parents. For adults, the right goes to the following people, in order:
If you have any concerns that the right to make decisions about donating your organs would go to a person other than the one you would choose, don't procrastinate -- take the time to document your own decision about organ donation.
To learn more about organ donation, see the website of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services at OrganDonor.gov.
Also, learn more estate planning, organ donation, funerals, and memorials on the Getting Your Affairs in Order section of Nolo.com.