Someone who has crossed the U.S. border without inspection, but is later apprehended by U.S. immigration patrols and released from detention, is sometimes given a document called a Notice to Appear (NTA). This will show a court date and location, typically to whatever immigration court is closest to where the arrest took place. Unfortunately for the many relatives coming to join family in the U.S. without immigration papers (who are "undocumented"), that often results in a situation where the apprehended person has no relatives or friends nearby.
If this happens to you or a family member, you're probably wondering: Is there any way to move the immigration court hearing to closer to where the undocumented immigrant's family lives, so that the person has a place to stay, and family support, while the court hearings proceed? That's what this article will discuss.
As you might have noticed, the Notice to Appear (NTA) specifically lists the immigration court where the non-citizen who has been arrested must appear. Assigning the case to the immigration court having jurisdiction over the location where an entrant was discovered to be in the United States without authorization is the usual procedure.
The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) does, however, have immigration courts throughout the United States. It's possible to request a change of venue (court location) for people wishing to attend court at a location other than where they're scheduled to appear.
The immigration judge is not required to change the venue, but may do so as a matter of discretion, after balancing the factors of the case. Factors the judge will consider include whether the case has been rescheduled in the past and whether the person has viable options to stay in the United States, among others.
Your request for a change of venue must state the date and time of the next scheduled hearing. The non-citizen must respond to all of the allegations listed in the Notice to Appear and designate a country to return to if the case is denied or if the non-citizen ultimately does not contest it (put up a defense).
The non-citizen must also explain what type of relief they will seek from the immigration court. Finally, the non-citizen must provide an explanation as to why they would prefer a different location. If the request to change venue is based on the fact of having moved, it's also necessary to submit a copy of a change of address form, EOIR Form-33/IC, to the immigration court system.
Such a request must be filed with the court where the hearing is currently scheduled. A motion is a legal document that must match various requirements set by the court and described in the Immigration Court Practice Manual.
It would definitely be easiest to have an attorney prepare the change of venue request for you. Also do all you can to find an attorney for the court proceedings, which are complex and require an understanding of the details of immigration law.
If you can not afford a private attorney, many reputable nonprofit organizations provide free or low-cost legal services. Some might even work with you to find a pro bono (volunteer) attorney at a law firm. Check the Immigration Court list of providers of low-cost immigration legal services.