The criminal justice system for military service members has always been separate from the civilian courts. The levels of trial and appeal in the military justice system include a court-martial, a convening authority review, an appeal to the Court of Criminal Appeals (for Army, Navy-Marines, Air Force, or Coast Guard), and the United States Court of Appeal for the Armed Forces.
While veterans are usually tried in regular civilian courts, they are provided with some special protections. Also, in many states, veterans are now getting their own state courts for crimes related to substance abuse. These courts are called veterans treatment courts.
Help for Veterans With PTSD Who Are Accused of Crimes
If you suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), you have certain advantages in the criminal justice system.
Help for Vets With PTSD Who Are Convicted of Crimes
A diagnosis of PTSD can help veterans with lighter sentences, grounds for appeal, treatment in jail, and early parole.
Help for Veterans With Medical Issues Who Are Trying to Return to Civilian Work and Life
Service members coming home from military duty can often face challenges adjusting to civilian life, including work.
State Veterans Treatment Courts
Many veterans struggle with the impact of
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How the Military Justice System Works
Once you enlist in the military, you become subject immediately to the
Article 15 Military Disciplinary Process
The most frequent type of military discipline available under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is an Article 15.
Military Court-Martial Trial Procedures
The military court-martial process is governed by the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The process begins with a charge being “preferred” (initiated) against you. Technically, anyone in the military with direct knowledge of another person’s wrongdoing can “prefer” a charge, but most often,
Appealing a Military Court-Martial Conviction
There are different rules for appealing a military court conviction depending on which type of court martial you had. Appealing Convictions from Special and General Court-Martials If you are convicted by special or general court-martial, your case will get automatically reviewed by the person who referred
Military Justice: How to Argue for Clemency in Each Branch of the Military
After a court-martial conviction, military service members have the option of asking for clemency.
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Social Security, Medicare & Government Pensions: Get the Most out of Your Retirement & Medical Benefits
Nolo's book covers Medicaid rules for seniors and persons with disabilities.
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