Burial and Cremation Laws in South Dakota

Everything you need to know about burial, cremation, and other post-death matters in South Dakota.

Updated by , Attorney · George Mason University Law School

Each state has laws affecting what happens to a body after death. For example, most states have unique rules about embalming, burial or cremation, scattering ashes, and how to get a death certificate. Here are some answers to common questions about post-death matters in South Dakota.

How do I get a death certificate in South Dakota?

In South Dakota, a death certificate must be filed with the health department within five days of the death. The funeral home, mortuary, cremation organization, or other person in charge of the deceased person's remains will prepare and file the death certificate. The easiest way to get copies of a death certificate is to ask this person or organization to order them for you at the time of the death. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-25 (2023).)

If you're the executor of the estate (in charge of wrapping up the deceased person's affairs), you should ask for at least 10 certified copies. You'll need to submit a certified copy of the death certificate each time you claim property or benefits that belonged to the deceased person, including life insurance proceeds, Social Security benefits, payable-on-death accounts, veterans benefits, and many others.

If you need to order copies of a death certificate after some time has passed, visit the website of the South Dakota Department of Health . From there, you'll find information about applying for death certificates in person, online, by mail, or by phone.

To order certified copies of a death certificate, you must provide a photocopy of a government-issued photo ID or other acceptable identification. Each certified copy of a South Dakota death certificate costs $15, and extra fees apply when ordering online or by phone.

Who can order a death certificate in South Dakota?

In South Dakota, certified copies of a death certificate may be issued only to:

  • the deceased person's spouse, children, parent, guardian, or next of kin (grandparent or sibling)
  • an authorized representative of the deceased person
  • someone who can show they need the death certificate to determine or protect a personal or property right.

Others may obtain non-certified, informational copies of a death certificate. These copies contain the statement, "For informational Purposes only. Not for legal proof of identification."

(For more details, see S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-52 (2023) and the website of the South Dakota Department of Health.)

In South Dakota, who completes the death certificate?

Two separate people need to complete different portions of the death certificate. The funeral director or other person in charge of disposition of the body collects personal information about the deceased person from the next of kin and files what's known as a "fact of death record" with the South Dakota Department of Health within five days of the death. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-25 (2023).)

In addition, the attending physician, physician assistant, or certified nurse practitioner must complete, sign, and file the medical certificate (which states the cause of death), also within five days of death. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-18 (2023).)

If the death occurred without medical attendance, the person in charge of the body must notify the coroner or sheriff of the death, usually within 24 hours of the death. (Failing to do so is considered a misdemeanor in South Dakota.) The coroner then completes, signs, and files the medical certificate within five days of the date of death, unless an autopsy or investigation is ongoing. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-21 (2023).)

Is embalming required in South Dakota?

Embalming is a process in which blood is drained from the body and replaced with fluids that delay disintegration. Though it's still a common procedure, embalming is not usually necessary; refrigeration serves the same purpose.

In South Dakota, if final disposition of the body (burial or cremation) doesn't occur within 24 hours, then either embalming or refrigeration is required. (S.D. Admin. R. 20:45:02:07 (2023).)

In South Dakota, is a casket necessary for burial or cremation?

A casket is often the single greatest expense incurred after a death. The average cost of a casket is more than $2,000, and the price can run into the $10,000-$20,000 range for more elaborate designs and expensive materials. Whether due to the cost or for other reasons, some people prefer to forgo a casket altogether.

Burial. No law requires a casket for burial. However, you should check with the cemetery; it may require a certain type of container.

Cremation. No law requires a casket for cremation. On the contrary, federal law requires a funeral home or crematory to inform you that you may use an alternative container, and to make such containers available to you. An alternative container may be made of unfinished wood, pressed wood, fiberboard, or cardboard.

In South Dakota, do I have to buy a casket from the funeral home?

No. In fact, federal law requires funeral homes to accept caskets that you buy from another source, such as an online retailer. You may also build a casket.

Where can bodies be buried in South Dakota?

Most bodies are buried in established cemeteries, but there are no state laws in South Dakota that prohibit burial on private property. Before burying a body in South Dakota, you will need to obtain a burial permit from the health department or local registrar. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-25-24 (2023).)

In addition, any person who conducts a burial must maintain a record of it, and every burial site must be mapped and recorded in the local office of the registrar of vital records. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-27-8 (2023).)

Local governments often also have their own rules governing private burials. Before conducting a home burial, also check with the town or county clerk and local health department for any additional rules you must follow.

Where can we store or scatter ashes after cremation in South Dakota?

In South Dakota, cremation ashes may be placed in a crypt, niche, or grave—or kept at home. Ashes may also be scattered in any of the ways listed below. Generally, use common sense and refrain from scattering ashes in places where they would be obvious to others. If the remains are not claimed within 60 days after cremation, the crematory is authorized to scatter the ashes. (S.D. Codified Laws § 34-26A-24.1 (2023).)

Scattering ashes in an established scattering garden. Many cemeteries provide gardens for scattering ashes. If you're interested, ask the cemetery for more information.

Scattering ashes on private land. You are allowed to scatter ashes on your own private property. If you want to scatter ashes on someone else's private land, South Dakota law requires that you obtain written permission from the landowner and give it to the crematory.

Scattering ashes on uninhabited public land. South Dakota law allows you to scatter ashes on "uninhabited public land." If you aren't sure whether a particular place qualifies as "uninhabited" under the law, you may wish to check city and county regulations and zoning rules before proceeding. However, many people simply proceed as they wish, letting their best judgment be their guide.

Scattering ashes on federal land. Officially, you should request permission before scattering ashes on federal land. As with local or state land, however, you will probably encounter no resistance if you conduct the scattering ceremony quietly and keep the ashes well away from trails, roads, facilities, developed areas, campsites, and waterways. You can find guidelines for scattering ashes on the websites for some national parks. For more information, begin your search at the website of the National Park Service.

Scattering ashes at sea. The federal Clean Water Act requires that cremated remains be scattered at least three nautical miles from land. The EPA does not permit scattering at beaches or in wading pools by the sea. Finally, you must notify the EPA within 30 days of scattering ashes at sea.

The Clean Water Act also governs scattering in inland waters such as rivers or lakes. For inland water burial, you may be legally required to obtain a permit from the state agency that manages the waterway.

South Dakota law states that you must remove cremated remains from their container before scattering.

For more information, including the contact information for the EPA representative in South Dakota, see the EPA's page on Burial at Sea.

Scattering ashes by air. In South Dakota, ashes may be scattered from a plane. Federal aviation laws do prohibit dropping objects that might cause harm to people or property, but the U.S. government does not consider cremains to be hazardous material. All should be well so long as you remove the ashes from their container before scattering.

More Resources

To learn about the federal rule on funerals, which protects consumers in all states, visit the FTC's Funeral Rule page.

For more information about funeral laws in South Dakota, see South Dakota Home Funeral Laws.

To find out more about funerals and other final arrangements, see Nolo's section on Getting Your Affairs in Order.

Get It Together, by Melanie Cullen (Nolo), helps you gather and organize the essential details of your life for yourself and your family.

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