Alaska OUI/DUI Laws and Penalties

How Alaska defines “operating under the influence” (OUI) and the consequences of a conviction.

Alaska officially uses the term “operating under the influence” (OUI), but many people still refer to the offense as “driving under the influence” or “DUI”. In Alaska, a motorist can get an OUI for driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft:

  • while “under the influence” (impaired due to alcohol or a controlled substance), or
  • with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08% or more (a “per se DUI”).

Under Alaska law, a motorist is in “actual physical control” of a vehicle if in the driver’s seat of a vehicle, behind the steering wheel, in possession of the ignition key, and in such a condition to be physically capable of starting the engine and causing the vehicle to move.

Jail Time and Fines for Alaska OUI Convictions

Generally, an OUI is a class A misdemeanor in Alaska. Class A misdemeanors carry a maximum fine of $25,000 and up to one year in jail. However, the required minimum penalty depends on the number of prior offenses the driver has.

1st offense

2nd offense

3rd offense

Jail Time

At least 72 hours house arrest

20 days (house arrest possible)

60 days

Fines

At least $1,500

At least $3,000

At least $4,000

Felony OUIs. An OUI is a class 3 felony if the driver has at least two prior OUI offenses within the last ten years. A felony OUI carries permanent license revocation (though reinstatement is possible) and a minimum $10,000 fine. Depending on the number of priors within the ten-year period, a felony OUI will result in minimum 120 days (two priors), 240 days (three priors), or 360 days (four or more priors) in prison.

License Suspensions for an Alaska OUI

Upon notification of a conviction, the State of Alaska will suspend the driver’s license. Depending on the circumstance, the driver may then be required to install an ignition interlock device (IID). The periods of time for suspensions, revocations, and IIDs are listed below.

1st offense

2nd offense

3rd offense

Suspension Period

90 days

1 year

3 years

IID Period

6 months

12 months

18 months

However, an offender may be eligible for a restricted work license while suspended. This license requires proof of employment, enrollment in substance abuse treatment, and installation of an IID. Failure to comply with court or treatment requirements will result in license cancellation.

Alaska’ Implied Consent Laws

Alaska’s “implied consent” laws generally require that all motorists agree to take a blood or breath test to determine the presence of alcohol or drugs. Motorists who refuse testing in violation of the law face the same penalties as persons convicted of an OUI.

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