Wage Laws: Minimum Wage, Tips, Deductions, and More
The federal Fair Labor Standards Act and similar state laws set the legal rules for wages: how much you are entitled to be paid (and by when), what your employer can deduct from your paycheck, what happens if your wages are garnished, and more.
Lots of service employees -- from waiters, waitresses, and bartenders to gardeners, cleaning staff, movers, and counter people -- receive tips from satisfied customers. In fact, some employees earn more money in tips than in wages. What many employees don't know, however, is that employers in most states can take a tip credit: They can pay you a lower minimum wage because you receive tips. And, you may be required to "tip out" or pool your tips with other employees.
Some employers deduct the cost of uniforms and other supplies necessary for the job from employees' paychecks. And some deduct costs to cover shortages in an employee's cash register or items an employee breaks or damages on the job. Not all of these paycheck deductions are legal. Some states don't allow employers to pass certain costs on to employees. Even in states that allow employers to make these types of deductions, employers have to follow certain rules.
Federal law protects employees from being fired because their wages are garnished for any one debt, even if more than one proceeding is brought to collect that debt. However, employees are no longer protected if they are subject to garnishment for two or more debts. Some states give employees more
Question: When I got my paycheck this week, I noticed that $300 had been deducted from my normal wages. My manager told me that this was to correct an overpayment on my last check. I checked my paystub from last period, and it turns out I was overpaid by $300. But, I didn’t know it at the time, and
Question: I work in San Francisco as a dishwasher at a restaurant, but I’m confused about how much I’m supposed to get paid. I’ve heard that the city has a higher minimum wage than California. Which law should my employer follow? Answer: It can be confusing when you’re dealing with three different
Under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), employers must pay overtime – time and a half – to employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek. While most employees are covered by this rule, certain categories of employees are exempt from the overtime requirements, which means they are
If you’re working as an intern, you’re not alone. Many college students and recent graduates take unpaid internships to learn new skills, enter a new profession, or simply get a foot in the door at the company or in the industry where they hope to work. But simply calling work an “internship”