If you believe that you are a victim of identity theft or fear that you may become one--for example, you lost your wallet, gave personal information to a stranger, or had your house burglarized--you should consider taking these steps immediately.
1. Start a log. When making phone calls or send letters, be sure to keep notes of your conversations and correspondence with authorities and financial institutions, including dates, names, and phone numbers. Also, keep track of all time spent and expenses you incur; you can deduct theft-related expenses on your income tax return, assuming you itemize deductions, and you may be able to seek compensation if you are ever able to sue the thief.
2. Contact the credit bureaus. Call or visit the websites of the three major credit bureaus and ask that they issue a fraud alert and attach a statement to your credit report.
Also, get copies of your credit report from each of the credit bureaus. Look for all possible signs of trouble: accounts you didn't open, inquiries you didn't initiate, and defaults and delinquencies you didn't cause and check your identifying information carefully.
The credit bureaus might issue one of the following types of alerts (note that for any alert you will need to submit proof of identity, which may include your Social Security number):
3. Review your credit reports. After you receive your credit reports from the three credit bureaus, review them thoroughly. Make sure that all your personal information, including name, address, and Social Security number, is correct and that there are no fraudulent accounts or inquiries. Look for accounts that you didn't apply for or open, inquiries that you didn't initiate, and defaults and delinquencies that you didn't cause. Immediately report any suspicious information or activity to the credit bureau that issued the credit report.
4. Call the police. File a report of the crime with your local police department. Provide as much evidence as you can, and ask the officer to list all fraudulently accessed accounts that you know about on the police report. Be sure to get copies of the police report, because creditors will probably ask to see them. Remember to log the phone numbers and names of all the law enforcement agents that you speak to; creditors may want this information.
5. Report identity theft to the FTC and get a step-by-step recovery plan. Report the fraud to the Federal Trade Commission at www.identitytheft.gov. You'll receive forms that you'll need to provide to creditors and law enforcement. Additionally, you'll receive a personalized recovery plan that will guide you through the steps you'll need to take to secure your identity. (You might find that you want to start here.)
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