The Iran-Contra Report
Need Professional Help? Talk to a Lawyer.
The Iran-contra Report, or Tower Commission Report, was delivered to President Ronald Reagan on February 26, 1987. The report documented the investigation into the Iran-Contra affair, a political scandal that rocked the U.S. government in the mid-1980s.
In 1984, President Reagan and other high-ranking U.S. officials covertly arranged the sale of arms to Iran, an action forbidden under an arms embargo. While the extent of the presidents involvement is uncertain, at least some U.S. officials intended that the arms sales would be a trade for the release of U.S. hostages, held by Iranian-sponsored militants in Lebanon, and that the proceeds would be used to fund the brutal Nicaraguan Contras.
In November 1986, President Reagan formed a commission led by former Senator John Tower to inquire into the affair. The Tower Commission Report strongly criticized a number of U.S. officials, including Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North, National Security Adviser John Poindexter, and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger. The commission ultimately concluded that President Reagan knew about the arms shipment, but that he did not have full knowledge of many other details of the program, including the diversion of funds to the Contras. However, the president was chastised -- both in this report and in a later report issued by Congress -- for failing to know what was going on in his own administration.
The Tower Commission Report was published in paperback form in 1987. You can get a copy from Amazon or other booksellers.