Class 9 includes scientific,
nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing,
measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life-saving and teaching
apparatus and instruments; apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching,
transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity; apparatus
for recording, transmission or reproduction of sound or images; magnetic data
carriers, recording discs; compact discs, DVDs and other digital recording
media; mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines,
data processing equipment, computers; computer software; fire-extinguishing
apparatus. Class 9 is one of 45 classes used by the U.S. Patent and Trademark
Office (USPTO) when grouping products or services.
trademarks in Class 9 include:
DISH (digital video recorders), ORACLE SUPERCLUSTER
(computer hardware), OPENTABLE (computer software and mobile application), and BSX
You would choose
Class 9 if you were registering any of these types of goods:
- apparatus and instruments for scientific
research in laboratories;
- apparatus and instruments for controlling ships,
such as apparatus and instruments for measuring and for transmitting orders;
- punched card office machines;
- all computer programs and software regardless of
recording media or means of dissemination, that is, software recorded on
magnetic media or downloaded from a remote computer network..
For a complete listing of all goods in Class 9, see below.
You would NOT use Class
9 if you were registering:
- electromechanical apparatus for the kitchen
(grinders and mixers for foodstuffs, fruit presses, electrical coffee mills,
etc.), and certain other apparatus and instruments driven by an electrical motor,
all coming under Class 7 -
- apparatus for pumping or dispensing fuels (Class 7 -
- electric razors, clippers (hand instruments) and
flat irons (Class 8 -
- electrical apparatus for space heating or for
the heating of liquids, for cooking, ventilating, etc. (Class 11 -
- electric toothbrushes and combs (Class 21 -
- clocks and watches and other chronometric
instruments (Class 14 -
- control clocks (Class 14 -
- amusement and game apparatus adapted for use
with an external display screen or monitor (Class 28 -
Games and Sporting Goods)
If you are not sure whether you should register in Class 9,
you might also consider the following “coordinated” classes: Class 10 -
Medical Supplies, Class 16 -
Paper Goods, Class 28 -
Games and Sporting Goods, Class 35 -
Advertising and Business Services, Class 38 -
Telecommunications Services, Class 39 -
Shipping and Travel Services, Class 41 -
Education and Entertainment Services, Class 42 -
Science and Technology Services, and Class 44 -
Medical and Vet Services. A coordinated class is one that is related
to another class, usually because the USPTO has determined that applicants
filing within Class 9 often file in the coordinated classes, too.
Why use the class
system? Trademark registration is based on a class system. For each class
of goods or services that you register, you must pay a separate registration
fee. So if you apply for a trademark for posters (Class
16) and shirts (Class
25), you must pay two fees. You must indicate the correct class at the time
you are registering a trademark. If you list the incorrect class, you must
start the application process over. Your registrations are restricted to those
classes that encompass the goods or services you are already offering (as shown
by the specimens you submit) or that you plan to offer (if you are registering
on an intent-to-use basis). You may also need information about the class
number in order to narrow a search of the USPTO’s trademark database.
Specimens for Class 9
If the mark is used in commerce, you must furnish a specimen
of the mark as consumers see it. The specimen must show the mark as used on or
in connection with the goods in commerce.
A trademark specimen should be a label, tag, or container for the goods,
or a display associated with the goods. A photocopy or other reproduction of a
specimen of the mark as actually used on or in connection with the goods is
In most cases, where the trademark is applied to the goods
or the containers for the goods in Class 9 by means of labels, a label is an
acceptable specimen. Shipping or mailing labels may be accepted if they are
affixed to the goods or to the containers for the goods and if proper trademark
usage is shown. They are not acceptable if the mark as shown is merely used as
a trade name and not as a trademark. An
example of this is the use of the term solely as a return address.
Stamping a trademark
on the goods, on the container, or on tags or labels attached to the goods
or containers, is a proper method of trademark affixation. The trademark may be
imprinted in the body of the goods, as with metal stamping; it may be applied
by a rubber stamp; or it may be inked on by using a stencil or template. When a
trademark is used in this manner, photographs or facsimiles showing the actual
stamping or stenciling are acceptable as specimens.
The terminology “applied to the containers for the goods”
means applied to any type of commercial packaging that is normal for the
particular goods as they move in trade.
Thus, a showing of the trademark on the normal commercial package for
the particular Class 9 goods is an acceptable specimen. A specimen showing use
of the trademark on a vehicle in which the goods are marketed to the relevant
purchasers may constitute use of the mark on a container for the goods, if this
is the normal mode of use of a mark for the particular goods
For More Information on Trademarks and Federal Registration
See Nolo’s Trademark
Center or consider Nolo’s
Online Trademark Application
Complete Listing of All Goods in Class 9 Based on Taxonomy
content, downloadable ring tones for mobile phones, films, exposed, X-ray
films, exposed, X-ray photographs, other than for medical purposes, Databases
content, animated cartoons, cinematographic film, exposed, downloadable
music files, downloadable image files,
electronic publications (eBooks, eGuides), downloadable.
computer software, recorded, computer programmes [programs], recorded,
computer programs [downloadable software], electronic notice boards, juke boxes
for computers, monitors [computer programs], Games software, computer game
Computer operating systems, computer operating programs, recorded,
Information technology and audiovisual equipment, electronic agendas,
amplifiers, couplers [data processing equipment], demagnetizing apparatus for
magnetic tapes, magnetic encoders.
equipment, acoustic conduits, acoustic couplers, electric apparatus for
commutation, galena crystals [detectors], high-frequency apparatus, radios,
satellites for scientific purposes, sound transmitting apparatus, speaking
tubes, transmitters of electronic signals, transmitters [telecommunication],
transmitting sets [telecommunication], transponders.
networking and data communications equipment.
communications equipment, cell phone straps, facsimile machines, hands free
kits for phones, intercommunication apparatus, phototelegraphy apparatus,
portable telephones, radio pagers, radiotelegraphy sets, radiotelephony sets,
telegraphs [apparatus], telephone apparatus, telephone receivers, telephone
transmitters, teleprinters/teletypewriters, video telephones, walkie-talkies.
and aerials as communications apparatus, aerials/antennas, masts for
storage devices, compact discs [audio-video], compact discs [read-only
memory], disks, magnetic, encoded identification bracelets, magnetic, encoded
magnetic cards, floppy disks, holograms, identity cards, magnetic, magnetic
data media, magnetic tapes, optical discs, optical data media, phonograph
records/sound recording discs, punched card machines for offices, sound
recording strips, sound recording carriers, USB flash drives, video cassettes,
video game cartridges, videotapes.
apparatus, blueprint apparatus.
photocopiers [photographic, electrostatic, thermic].
scanners, scanners [data processing equipment], Printers, plotters,
printers for use with computers.
processing equipment and accessories (electrical and mechanical), bar code
readers, data processing apparatus, electronic pocket translators, interfaces
for computers, invoicing machines, mathematical instruments, optical character
readers, readers [data processing equipment], voting machines.
abacuses, adding machines, calculating machines, calculating disks, pocket
dispensers, ticket dispensers.
terminals, money dispensing and sorting devices, automated teller machines
[ATM], cash registers.
mechanisms, mechanisms for
coin-operated apparatus, coin-operated mechanisms for television sets.
adapted for use with computers, computer keyboards, computer peripheral
devices, electronic pens [visual display units], magnetic tape units for
computers, monitors [computer hardware], mouse [data processing equipment],
mouse pads, wrist rests for use with computers.
and computer hardware, bags adapted for laptops, computers, laptop
computers, notebook computers, sleeves for laptops.
components and parts, computer memory devices, disk drives for computers,
microprocessors, modems, processors [central processing units]/central
processing units [processors].
and photographic devices, audiovisual teaching apparatus, compact disc
players, DVD players, head cleaning tapes [recording], light-emitting
electronic pointers, portable media players, audio- and video-receivers, tape
devices and radio receivers, answering machines, cabinets for loudspeakers,
cassette players, cleaning apparatus for phonograph records/cleaning apparatus
for sound recording discs, diaphragms [acoustics], dictating machines,
headphones, horns for loudspeakers, juke boxes, musical/coin-operated musical
automata [juke boxes], loudspeakers, megaphones, microphones, needles for
record players/styli for record players, personal stereos, record players,
apparatus for changing record player needles, sound recording apparatus, sound
reproduction apparatus, sounding apparatus and machines, tone arms for record
players, vehicle radios.
devices, television receivers and film and video devices, camcorders, cinematographic
cameras, digital photo frames, editing appliances for cinematographic
films/apparatus for editing cinematographic film, film cutting apparatus, fluorescent screens,
magic lanterns, neon signs, projection screens, projection apparatus, teleprompters,
television apparatus, totalizators, video recorders, video screens.
capturing and developing devices, cameras [photography], carriers for dark
plates [photography], cases especially made for photographic apparatus and
instruments, centering apparatus for photographic transparencies, darkroom
lamps [photography], darkrooms [photography], diaphragms [photography],
drainers for use in photography/photographic racks, drying racks [photography],
drying apparatus for photographic prints, enlarging apparatus [photography],
epidiascopes, filters [photography], filters for ultraviolet rays, for
photography, flash-bulbs [photography], flashlights [photography], frames for
photographic transparencies, glazing apparatus for photographic prints,
heliographic apparatus, lens hoods, lenses for astrophotography, radiological
apparatus for industrial purposes, radiology screens for industrial purposes,
screens [photography], screens for photoengraving, shutter releases
[photography], shutters [photography], slide projectors/transparency projection
apparatus, speed measuring apparatus [photography], spools [photography],
stands for photographic apparatus, transparencies [photography]/slides
[photography], tripods for cameras, viewfinders, photographic, washing trays
apparatus not for medical purposes, apparatus and installations for the
production of X-rays, not for medical purposes.
cables for IT, AV and telecommunication, coaxial cables, fibre [fiber
(Am.)] optic cables, optical fibers [fibres] [light conducting filaments]/light
conducting filaments [optical fibers [fibres]], telegraph wires, telephone
wires, Magnets, magnetizers and demagnetizers, electromagnetic coils, magnets,
decorative magnets, Devices for treatment using electricity, cathodic
anti-corrosion apparatus, electrolysers, ionization apparatus not for the
treatment of air or water, ozonisers [ozonators].
instruments and cables for electricity, cell switches
[electricity]/reducers [electricity], Apparatus and instruments for
accumulating and storing electricity, accumulators, electric, anode
batteries/high tension batteries, batteries, electric, for
vehicles/accumulators, electric, for vehicles, batteries for lighting,
batteries, electric, battery jars/accumulator jars, battery boxes/accumulator
boxes, battery chargers, chargers for electric batteries, galvanic cells,
galvanic batteries, grids for batteries, plates for batteries, solar batteries.
and instruments for controlling electricity, anti-interference devices
[electricity], branch boxes [electricity], circuit breakers, commutators,
comparators, control panels [electricity], converters, electric, current
rectifiers, inverters [electricity], lightning conductors [rods]/lightning
conductors/lightning arresters, limiters [electricity], relays, electric, stage
lighting regulators, step-up transformers, switchboxes [electricity], time
switches, automatic, transformers [electricity], voltage surge protectors,
voltage regulators for vehicles.
and electronic components, amplifying tubes/amplifying valves, anodes,
anticathodes, armatures [electricity], cathodes, choking coils [impedance],
circuit closers, coils, electric, collectors, electric, condensers
[capacitors]/capacitors, conductors, electric, connections for electric lines,
connectors [electricity], contacts, electric, couplings, electric/connections,
electric, covers for electric outlets, discharge tubes, electric, other than
for lighting/electric discharge tubes, other than for lighting, distribution
boards [electricity], distribution boxes [electricity], distribution consoles
[electricity], ducts [electricity], electricity conduits, fuses, glass covered with an electrical conductor,
holders for electric coils, inductors [electricity], junction boxes
[electricity], light dimmers [regulators], electric/light regulators [dimmers],
electric, light-emitting diodes [LED], lighting ballasts, push buttons for
bells, resistances, electric, rheostats, semi-conductors, sockets, plugs and
other contacts [electric connections]/plugs, sockets and other contacts
[electric connections], solenoid valves [electromagnetic switches],
switchboards, switches, electric, telerupters, terminals [electricity],
thermionic valves/thermionic tubes, transistors [electronic], triodes, vacuum
tubes [radio], X-ray tubes not for medical purposes.
and wires, cables, electric, copper wire, insulated, materials for
electricity mains [wires, cables], electrified rails for mounting spot lights, fuse wire/wires of metal alloys [fuse wire],
identification threads for electric wires, identification sheaths for electric
wires, junction sleeves for electric cables, magnetic wires, sheaths for
electric cables, starter cables for motors, wire connectors [electricity],
circuits and circuit boards, chips [integrated circuits], integrated
circuit cards [smart cards]/smart cards [integrated circuit cards], integrated
circuits, printed circuits, printed circuit boards, wafers for integrated
circuits, Antennas and aerials as components, Optical devices, enhancers and
correctors, instruments containing eyepieces, micrometer screws for optical
instruments, mirrors for inspecting work, mirrors [optics], objectives [lenses]
[optics], optical lenses, optical glass, optical lanterns/optical lamps,
optical goods, optical apparatus and instruments, optical condensers, prisms
[optics], stereoscopes, Optical enhancers, binoculars, eyepieces, magnifying
glasses [optics], observation instruments, peepholes [magnifying lenses] for
doors, periscopes, refractors, sighting telescopes for firearms, stereoscopic
apparatus, thread counters/waling glasses.
eyewear, contact lenses, containers for contact lenses, eyeglass
chains/pince-nez chains, eyeglass cases/pince-nez cases, eyeglass
cords/pince-nez cords, pince-nez/eyeglasses, pince-nez mountings/eyeglass
frames, spectacle cases, spectacle frames, spectacles [optics], Sunglasses,
sunglasses, Lasers, lasers, not for medical purposes.
goods, correcting lenses [optics], spectacle lenses.
security, protection and signalling devices, fire extinguishers/fire
extinguishing apparatus, fire engines, fire beaters, fire hose nozzles, fire
hose, fire pumps, oxygen transvasing apparatus, shoes for protection against
accidents, irradiation and fire, smoke detectors, sprinkler systems for fire
protection, traffic cones.
and warning equipment, acoustic [sound] alarms/sound alarms, alarm bells,
electric, alarms, anti-theft warning apparatus, fire alarms, theft prevention
control devices, electrified fences, locks, electric.
apparatus, beacons, luminous, bells [warning devices], buzzers, dog
whistles, electric door bells, flashing lights [luminous signals]/blinkers
[signalling lights], fog signals, non-explosive, marking buoys, mechanical
signs, naval signalling apparatus, road signs, luminous or mechanical, signal
bells, signal lanterns, signalling panels, luminous or mechanical, signalling whistles,
signalling buoys, signals, luminous or mechanical, signs, luminous, sirens,
traffic-light apparatus [signalling devices], vehicle breakdown warning
triangles, whistle alarms.
and safety equipment, anti-dazzle shades/anti-glare visors, asbestos gloves
for protection against accidents, asbestos clothing for protection against
fire, asbestos screens for firemen, breathing apparatus, except for artificial
respiration, bullet-proof waistcoats [vests (Am.)]/bullet-proof vests
(Am.)/bullet-proof waistcoats, clothing
for protection against accidents, irradiation and fire, clothing for protection
against fire, filters for respiratory masks, fire escapes, fire boats, fire
blankets, garments for protection against fire, gloves for protection against
accidents, gloves for protection against X-rays for industrial purposes,
knee-pads for workers, life jackets, life belts, life buoys, life saving
apparatus and equipment, life-saving rafts, nets for protection against
accidents, nose clips for divers and
swimmers, protection devices for personal use against accidents, protection
devices against X-rays, not for medical purposes, protective masks, protective
suits for aviators, railway traffic safety appliances, reflecting discs for
wear, for the prevention of traffic accidents, respirators for filtering air,
respiratory masks, other than for artificial respiration/respirators, other
than for artificial respiration, safety nets/life nets, safety tarpaulins,
safety restraints, other than for vehicle seats and sports equipment, socks,
electrically heated, solderers' helmets, spark-guards, teeth protectors,
workmen's protective face-shields, Head protection, protective helmets,
protective helmets for sports, riding helmets.
protection, anti-glare glasses, goggles for sports.
equipment, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming, divers' masks,
diving suits, ear plugs for divers, gloves for divers.
guidance, tracking, targeting and map making devices, directional
compasses, compasses [measuring instruments], cosmographic instruments,
electronic tags for goods, Global Positioning System [GPS] apparatus, marine
compasses, nautical apparatus and instruments, navigation apparatus for
vehicles [on-board computers], navigational instruments, satellite navigational
apparatus, sextants, steering apparatus, automatic, for vehicles.
detecting and monitoring instruments, indicators and controllers, air
analysis apparatus, mechanisms for counter-operated apparatus, diagnostic
apparatus, not for medical purposes, dosage dispensers/dosimeters, food
analysis apparatus, pressure indicator plugs for valves, stroboscopes,
temperature indicator labels, not for medical purposes, wind socks for
indicating wind direction.
instruments, monitoring apparatus, electric.
and detectors, counterfeit [false] coin detectors/false coin detectors,
detectors, electric loss indicators, apparatus to check franking/apparatus to
check stamping mail, metal detectors for industrial or military purposes,
automatic indicators of low pressure in vehicle tires [tyres]/automatic
indicators of low pressure in vehicle tires/automatic indicators of low
pressure in vehicle tyres, radar apparatus, rods for water diviners, sonars,
sound locating instruments.
and quality control devices, crash test dummies, gas testing instruments,
material testing instruments and machines, testing apparatus not for medical
counting, alignment and calibrating instruments, acid hydrometers,
acidimeters for batteries, actinometers, aerometers, alcoholmeters, alidades,
altimeters, anemometers, apertometers [optics], azimuth instruments, balancing
apparatus, barometers, calibrating rings, counters/meters, densimeters,
densitometers, dynamometers, egg-candlers, ergometers, exposure meters [light
meters], frequency meters, gasoline gauges/petrol gauges, gasometers [measuring
instruments], gauges, hemline markers, hydrometers, hygrometers,
lactodensimeters, lactometers, levelling staffs [surveying instruments]/rods
[surveying instruments], levelling instruments, levels [instruments for
determining the horizontal], logs [measuring instruments], marine depth
finders, marking gauges [joinery], measures, measuring apparatus, measuring
instruments, measuring devices, electric, measuring glassware/graduated
glassware, measuring spoons, mercury levels, metronomes, money counting and
sorting machines, octants, photometers, plane tables [surveying instruments],
planimeters, plumb lines, plumb bobs, polarimeters, precision measuring
apparatus, pressure measuring apparatus, pressure gauges/manometers, pressure
indicators, protractors [measuring instruments], quantity indicators,
refractometers, revolution counters, saccharometers, salinometers, scales,
screw-tapping gauges, slope indicators/clinometers/gradient
indicators/inclinometers, spectroscopes, spirit levels, sulphitometers,
surveying instruments, surveying apparatus and instruments, surveying chains,
surveyors' levels, taximeters, theodolites, vacuum gauges, variometers,
viscosimeters, water level indicators, wavemeters, weights.
loggers and recorders, milage recorders for vehicles/kilometer recorders
measuring instruments (not including clocks and watches), chronographs [time recording apparatus], egg
timers [sandglasses]/hourglasses, parking meters, time recording apparatus,
time clocks [time recording devices], Weight measuring instruments, balances
[steelyards]/lever scales [steelyards]/steelyards [lever scales], letter
scales, precision balances, weighbridges, weighing machines, weighing apparatus
and dimension measuring instruments, calipers, carpenters' rules, distance
measuring apparatus, distance recording apparatus/apparatus for recording
distance, dressmakers' measures, jigs [measuring instruments], appliances for
measuring the thickness of leather, micrometers/micrometer gauges, pedometers,
range finders/telemeters, rulers [measuring instruments], rules [measuring
instruments], apparatus for measuring the thickness of skins, slide calipers,
slide-rules, sounding lines, sounding leads, spherometers, verniers.
measuring instruments, speed checking apparatus for vehicles, speed
measuring instruments, pyrometers, temperature indicators, thermometers,
not for medical purposes, Electricity measuring instruments, ammeters,
galvanometers, ohmmeters, oscillographs, voltmeters.
(regulators), boiler control instruments, decompression chambers, electric
installations for the remote control of industrial operations, electro-dynamic
apparatus for the remote control of railway points, electro-dynamic apparatus
for the remote control of signals, heat regulating apparatus, igniting
apparatus, electric, for igniting at a distance/electric apparatus for remote
ignition, regulating apparatus, electric, remote control apparatus, speed
regulators for record players, thermostats, thermostats for vehicles.
research and laboratory apparatus, educational apparatus and simulators, apparatus
and instruments for astronomy, betatrons, capillary tubes, cases fitted with
dissecting instruments [microscopy], chemistry apparatus and instruments,
chromatography apparatus for laboratory use, clothing especially made for
laboratories, containers for microscope slides, crucibles [laboratory]/cupels
[laboratory], cyclotrons, diaphragms for scientific apparatus, diffraction
apparatus [microscopy], distillation apparatus for scientific purposes, DNA
chips, apparatus for fermentation [laboratory apparatus], furnaces for
laboratory use/ovens for laboratory use, furniture especially made for
laboratories, incubators for bacteria culture, laboratory trays, laboratory
centrifuges, meteorological balloons, meteorological instruments, microscopes, microtomes,
particle accelerators, Petri dishes, apparatus and instruments for physics,
pipettes, Pitot tubes, probes for scientific purposes, resuscitation mannequins
[teaching apparatus], retorts, retorts' stands, simulators for the steering and
control of vehicles, spectrograph apparatus, stills for laboratory experiments,
teaching apparatus, telescopes, test tubes, and urinometers.