Decreasing Expenses to Meet a Budget

(Page 2 of 2 of Budgeting: How to Make a Budget)

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If your expenses exceed your income, you will have to cut expenses or increase your income. If finding more income is not realistic, focus on decreasing your expenses. The trick is doing this without depriving yourself of items or services you truly need.

Reduce the amount you spend in each category. Review your expenses and look for categories you can comfortably reduce slightly. For example, let's say you need to cut $175 from your budget. You had planned on spending $100 a month on meals at restaurants, but are willing to decrease that to $50, thereby saving $50.

Preserve things you cannot live without. Make a list of things you feel you can't live without, and whittle down your other expenses to accommodate them. For example, you may decide to give up most of your magazine and newspaper subscriptions because you know you'd go nuts if you couldn't go to the movies once a week. If you make room for at least some of the things you love most, you're much more likely to succeed at your plan.

Staying on Track

Don't think of your budget as etched in stone. If you do, and you spend more on an item than you've budgeted, you'll get frustrated and be more likely to scrap the budget altogether.

Review your budget and make adjustments. Check your figures periodically. If you never have enough money to make ends meet, it's time to adjust some more. Or, if you constantly overspend in one area, change the projected amount for that category and trim the money from another category.

Consider larger financial changes. If you continually come up short, you may need to consider some larger changes. For example, you might sell your newer car for an older used car to free yourself from car payments. As you make adjustments to your budget, give careful thought to your priorities. Think about what you value, and be honest with yourself.

Be willing to sacrifice. You may have to sacrifice some things that feel important to you. But don't expect to stick to your budget if you take away all but the essentials. Be realistic.

Categories of Expenses

Category Expense
Home rent/mortgage, property taxes, homeowner's insurance, homeowner's association dues, telephone, gas & electric, water & sewer, cable Internet service, garbage, household supplies, housewares, furniture & appliances, cleaning, yard or pool care, snow removal, maintenance & repairs
Food groceries, breakfast out, lunch out, dinner out, coffee/tea, snacks
Clothing clothes, shoes & accessories, laundry & dry cleaning, mending
Self Care toiletries & cosmetics, haircuts, massage, health club membership, donations
Health Care insurance, medications, vitamins, doctors, dentist, eyecare, therapy
Transportation car payments ,insurance, road service club, registration, gasoline, maintenance & repairs, parking & tolls, public transit, cabs, parking tickets
Entertainment music, movies, rentals, concerts, theater, ballet, museums, sporting events, hobbies & lessons, club dues or membership, film development, books, magazines, newspapers, software & games
Dependent Care child care, clothing, allowance, school expenses, toys & entertainment
Pet Care grooming, vet, food, toys & supplies
Education tuition or loan payments, books & supplies
Personal Business supplies, copying, postage, bank & credit card fees, legal fees, accounting fees
Travel family trips, vacations
Gifts & Cards birthdays, holidays, anniversaries
Taxes deductions, credits, penalties
Insurance life insurance, car insurance, home insurance, pet insurance
Savings & Investments stocks, bonds, 401k, saving accounts, CDs

More Information

Solve Your Money Troubles: Debt, Credit & Bankruptcy, by Robin Leonard and Margaret Reiter (Nolo), is a comprehensive guide to getting back on your financial feet. It provides sample budget sheets, information on how to negotiate with creditors and deal with debt collectors, and more.

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