Printing Error Affects Sample Form N-400 in Edition 9 of "Becoming a U.S. Citizen"

Follow the book's instructions, not the sample form, when answering N-400 questions about your willingness to bear arms on behalf of the U.S., perform noncombatant services, and so on.

** LEGAL UPDATE **

As explained in Nolo's book "Becoming a U.S. Citizen: A Guide to the Law, Exam, and Interview," it is important, in filling in USCIS Form N-400, to "show that you’re loyal to the United States and will fight for it if necessary."

That's why the book also explains that only certain types of people can safely answer "No" to any of Questions 45-50 in Part 12 of the form, which ask:

  • Question 45: Do you support the Constitution and form of Government of the United States?
  • Question 46: Do you understand the full Oath of Allegiance to the United States?
  • Question 47: Are you willing to take the full Oath of Allegiance to the United States?
  • Question 48: If the law requires it, are you willing to bear arms on behalf of the United States?
  • Question 49: If the law requires it, are you willing to perform noncombatant services in the U.S. armed forces?
  • Question 50: If the law requires it, are you willing to perform work of national importance under civilian direction?

Most people should simply answer "Yes" to all of these.

Unfortunately, owing to a printing error, the Ninth Edition of this book contains a sample Form N-400 with "X" marks in the "No" column. Please disregard this portion of the sample, and enter the answers that are true in your case; again, that's ideally "yes" to each one.

See an attorney is your answer is actually "No" and if you do not fit any of the categories described next.

If this application is being filled out for a person who is disabled to the point of being unable to understand the Oath Waiver, Question 46 provides a place to indicate that, and it's possible to answer "No" to it.

Or if you are a conscientious objector (CO), meaning that for religious or moral reasons you refuse to take up weapons or join in a war, you can answer “no” to Question 48 and possibly 49, if you also provide proof of your CO status.

Members of a religion that prohibits taking any sort of oath (for example, the Quakers and the Jehovah’s Witnesses can answer “no” to Question 47, but must provide a letter from their church or other religious body confirming membership.

To repeat: In most other cases, applicants for naturalized U.S. citizenship must check "Yes" to Questions 45-50 of Form N-400.

Effective Date: September 21, 2019