Nepal was originally designated for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) on June 24, 2015, due to the severe earthquake that took place there on April 25, 2015. This meant that nationals of Nepal who were in the U.S. could apply to remain and receive a work permit (an employment authorization document or EAD). Now, effective December 25, 2016, the U.S. government is extending that protection to nationals of Nepal for 18 months, through June 24, 2018.
The reason for this continued protection is, according to the October 26, 2016 Federal Register announcement, are numerous: slow reconstruction efforts impeded by civil unrest and border blockages at the Nepal-India border; unrepaired homes, schools, health facilities, other buildings, and roads; the displacement of 18,200 earthquake-affected people who remain in camps; sanitation problems; and more.
If you currently hold TPS from Nepal and wish to extend your status, you must re-register between October 26, 2016 and December 27, 2016. To avoid delays, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) encourages you to reregister as soon as possible once this 60-day period starts.
Your new EAD will have an expiration date of June 24, 2018. In case it doesn't arrive before your current work permit expires, however, USCIS is automatically extending current TPS Nepal EADs bearing a December 24, 2016, expiration date through June 24, 2017.
To reregister, you must currently hold TPS, and you must submit the following to USCIS by mail:
USCIS Form I-821, Application for Temporary Protected Status (no need to pay the Form I-821 application fee).
USCIS Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization (this form is required even if you don't want an EAD;
If you do want an EAD, the Form I-765 application fee (or a fee waiver request on USCIS Form I-912 or by writing a personal letter; also submit documentation of your financial need). This fee is currently $380, but it's due to go up to $410 on December 21.
Fee for biometric services (or a fee waiver request) if you are 14 years old or older—currently $85.
It is also possible, however, to file a late initial registration, in which case you will need to show that you are eligible and pay the Form I-821 application fee, as well as the EAD fee if you are age 14 through 65, in addition to preparing and submitting the other materials mentioned above.
For more information, go to the Temporary Protected Status Designated Country: Nepal page of the USCIS website.